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Chanson de Roland

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Anglo-Norman

Anglo-Norman  

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Literature
Designating the French language as spoken and written in the British Isles from the Norman Conquest until the 14th cent. It was a western type of French which, transplanted to Britain, developed ...
Battle of Roncesvalles

Battle of Roncesvalles  

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A battle which took place in 778 at a mountain pass in the Pyrenees, near the village of Roncesvalles in northern Spain. The rearguard of Charlemagne's army was attacked by the Basques and massacred; ...
chanson de geste

chanson de geste  

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Literature
A medieval French historical verse romance, typically one connected with Charlemagne. The phrase is French, and means literally ‘song of heroic deeds’, from chanson ‘song’ and geste from Latin gesta ...
Charlemagne

Charlemagne  

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History
(Latin Carolus Magnus, Charles the Great) (742–814) King of the Franks (768–814) and Holy Roman emperor (as Charles I) (800–14). He created an empire by conquering and Christianizing the Saxons ...
Doon de Mayence

Doon de Mayence  

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Literature
Figure probably invented by OFr. chansons de geste in order to group disparate figures (Ganelon in poems like the Chanson de Roland, Renaud de Montauban, Ogier le Danois, Girart de ...
epic

epic  

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A long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the past history of a nation. The word comes via Latin from Greek ...
Ganelon

Ganelon  

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Literature
In the Charlemagne romances, the villain and traitor who schemes for the defeat of the rearguard at Roncesvalles (see Roland). He figures in Dante's Inferno (xxxii. 122) and in Chaucer's ‘Nun's ...
Girart de Vienne

Girart de Vienne  

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Literature
Eponymous protagonist of OFr chanson de geste (c.1180), adapted (possibly by Bertrand de Bar-sur-Aube) from an earlier poem. Girart quarrels with Charles Martel in a burlesque tussle over a woman. ...
Guillaume d’Orange cycle

Guillaume d’Orange cycle  

The 12th- and 13th-century poems centring on Guillaume d’Orange (William of Orange) and his clan constitute the most elaborate and structured of the chansons de geste cycles, with a variety ...
Karlamagnús saga ok kappa hans

Karlamagnús saga ok kappa hans  

An Old Norwegian prose translation of various chansons de geste about Charlemagne and his twelve peers, in OFr., in some cases AN, and in one case ML. Alongside the West ...
Ogier le Danois

Ogier le Danois  

One of Charlemagne’s twelve peers in the Chanson de Roland and related poems, Ogier stars in La Chevalerie Ogier, an early-13th-century chanson de geste by Raimbert de Paris, and in ...
orality

orality  

The study of orality in the MA has to be done through written sources. In the early MA most writing was done in Latin, which, after the Romance vernaculars emerged ...
Rolandslied

Rolandslied  

MHG version of the story of Roland, the commander of Charlemagne’s rear guard during a campaign in Spain in 778, who was killed in battle. It was composed c.1170 by ...
Spanish literature

Spanish literature  

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History
Castilian was the dominant language of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Spain (where Arabic, Basque, Catalan, and Galician were also spoken) and was also the medium of the most considerable ...

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