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agricultural labourers

agricultural labourers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The distinction between a farm labourer and a farm servant was that a servant was hired on a yearly basis from about the age of 14 and lived on the ...
annuity

annuity  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A contract by which a financial institution such as an insurance company agrees to provide a regular income for the remainder of the holder's life. The name annuity arises from annual payments, but ...
birth rate

birth rate  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The rate at which a particular species or population produces offspring. The birth rate of a species is used to measure its fecundity (reproductive capability). It is also an important factor in ...
census returns

census returns   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
562 words

The first census for the whole of Britain, except Ireland, was taken in 1801, but no central archival material

census returns

census returns   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
2,593 words

The census enumerators’ books for England and Wales that are available for study every ten years from 1841 to 1901...

directories

directories  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A list of persons, shops, or businesses selected according to geography or specialization. Also (in older usage), a guide or introduction to a particular subject.The earliest books named Directorium ...
domestic servant

domestic servant  

Before the First World War more Canadian women worked as domestic servants than in any other paid employment. Although almost one-third of early colonial servants were male, by the late ...
dual economy

dual economy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An economy in which modern industries, mines, or plantation agriculture exist side-by-side with backward sectors, with little interaction between them. This situation may occur in less developed ...
family history

family history  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
From earliest times, tracing ancestors and establishing proof of relationship had practical importance for the wealthy and privileged and, in particular, for the sovereign. Records of the aristocracy ...
family history societies

family history societies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Societies normally hold monthly meetings, organize visits, publish a journal, provide a library, and undertake tasks such as recording monumental inscriptions, or transcribing and indexing census ...
Family Records Centre

Family Records Centre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Until 2008 the English and Welsh records of civil registration from 1 July 1837 to the present day and of the census returns from 1841 to 1901 on microfiche or microfilm, together with other records, ...
hearth tax

hearth tax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The tax was levied twice a year—at Lady Day and Michaelmas—between 1662 and 1688. The tax returns are kept at the Public Record Office under E 179; some counties have copies of individual returns in ...
Irish emigration

Irish emigration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The population of Ireland rose from over 4 million in 1781 to over 8 million in 1841. Long before the famine years of the late 1840s Irish men and women ...
land tax

land tax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Is an indirect tax levied on the value of land and often forms part of wider property taxation. Local government relied upon land taxes (in the form of rates) for much of their revenue from the ...
landowners

landowners  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
British land is owned ultimately by the Crown, but most of it has been given, ‘sold’, or granted to private individuals or public bodies with an effective right of freehold. Neither land registration ...
militia records

militia records  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An Act of 1757, modified by subsequent legislation, set out the procedures for raising the militia. From time to time constables were ordered to draw up lists of all the ...
Mormon Branch Libraries

Mormon Branch Libraries  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The Mormons have established a number of branch libraries, attached to a local church, in various parts of Britain. Their aim is to foster genealogical research by the provision of ...
National Archives of Scotland

National Archives of Scotland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
HM General Register House, Edinburgh EH1 3YY, has been the home of the Public Records of Scotland since the late 18th century. It was opened for public searches in 1847. The General Register House ...
National Library of Wales

National Library of Wales  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An important interdisciplinary research library, established in 1907 and located in Aberystwyth, it has legal deposit status and a broad collecting remit for Welsh and Celtic cultures. It holds rich ...
naturalization

naturalization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The legal process by which a person acquires a new nationality. In the UK, British citizenship or British Overseas Territories citizenship can be acquired by means of a certificate of ...

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