Overview

cementum

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 22 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

cement

cement  

(si-ment)1 any of a group of materials used in dentistry either as fillings or as lutes for crowns.2 see cementum.
cementicle

cementicle  

A calcified body lying in the periodontal membrane, either free or partially embedded in the cementum and thought to be derived from degenerated epithelial cells.
cementoblast

cementoblast  

A cell that takes part in the formation of cementum. They are formed from the dental follicle following the degeneration of Hertwig's sheath. They form a single layer of cuboidal cells on the surface ...
cementoblastoma

cementoblastoma  

A rare benign neoplasm of cementum. It usually affects patients under the age of 25 years. It is most often associated with the apices of mandibular first molars and is not found in association with ...
cementocyte

cementocyte  

An inactivated cementoblast which has become embedded within the cementum matrix. It has protoplasmic processes which pass through the canaliculi between the lacunae.
cementogenesis

cementogenesis  

The process of cementum formation. See also cementoblast; cementum.
concrescence

concrescence  

The fusion of the roots of two teeth united by cementum.
dentine

dentine  

(den-teen)a hard tissue that forms the bulk of a tooth. The dentine of the crown is covered by enamel and that of the root by cementum.
granular layer of Tomes

granular layer of Tomes  

[J. Tomes (1815–95), English dentist] A narrow layer of granular or interglobular dentine found in root dentine immediately adjacent to the cementum.
hypercementosis

hypercementosis  

The excessive deposition of cementum on the root of a tooth. It can be caused by increased or decreased forces on the root surface, hyperpituitarism, Paget's disease (when multiple teeth are often ...
hypocementosis

hypocementosis  

A reduction in the amount of cementum. It may be seen in cleidocranial dysplasia where there is failure of acellular cementum and hypophosphatasia.
Malassez cells

Malassez cells  

Epithelial cells that derive from the root sheath and form the ‘epithelial rests of Malassez’ of the periodontal ligament.
mineralization

mineralization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The breakdown of organic residues in soils; an essential process in humus formation. See Andriesh (2006) 18th World Congr. Soil Sci.
osteocementum

osteocementum  

A hard bone-like layer of secondary cementum deposited after root formation is complete. It is typically laid down in incremental layers because of intermittent deposition on the root surface. See ...
periodontal fibres

periodontal fibres  

The principle collagenous fibres of the periodontal ligament running from the cementum to the alveolar bone; their orientation varies according to their location.
periodontal ligament

periodontal ligament  

A dense connective tissue layer about 0.2mm thick enveloping the roots of teeth, located between the cementum and alveolar bone and consisting mainly of collagen fibres (desmodontium) and ground ...
periodontal pocket

periodontal pocket  

A pathological deepening of the gingival sulcus (crevice) produced by the destruction of the supporting tissues and the apical migration of the epithelial attachment. The junctional epithelium is ...
periodontium

periodontium  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. the tissues that support and attach the teeth to the jaw: the gums (see gingiva), periodontal membrane, alveolar bone, and cementum.
reattachment

reattachment  

The process whereby healthy supragingival periodontal fibres become reattached to bone or cementum following flap surgery to treat periodontal disease or for other oral surgical procedures. This ...
repair

repair  

The restoration of continuity after injury or damage. 1. (dentures) See denture. 2. (cementum) The laying down of new cellular or acellular cementum to repair cemental resorption and damage. 3. ...

View: