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Aberdeen Philosophical Society

Aberdeen Philosophical Society  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Also known as the Wise Club, the Aberdeen Philosophical Society was founded in January 1758 and continued to meet until the spring or early summer of 1773. The Society was ...
action

action  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
What an agent does, as opposed to what happens to an agent (or even what happens inside an agent's head). Describing events that happen does not of itself permit us to talk of rationality and ...
agent

agent  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
One who acts. The central problem of agency is to understand the difference between events happening in me or to me, and my taking control of events, or doing things. See action, determinism, free ...
Alan Ker Stout

Alan Ker Stout  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–83)Alan Ker Stout was born in Oxford on 9 May 1900 and died in Hobart, Tasmania on 20 July 1983. He was the only child of G. F. Stout ...
Anaxagoras

Anaxagoras  

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(probably 500–428 bc),of Clazomenae (see panionium); the first philosopher known to have settled in Athens. The evidence for his biography is confused and confusing. He may have arrived in Athens in ...
association

association  

The joint occurrence of two genetically determined characteristics in a population at a frequency that is greater than expected according to the product of their independent frequencies.
backward causation

backward causation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The common notion of one event causing another naturally inclines us to think of the cause as earlier and the effect as later. It is, however, unclear why the causal order must in this way comply ...
British philosophy today

British philosophy today  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Most (although not all) of the philosophy practised in Britain today is firmly within the tradition of analytic philosophy, a tradition shared with North America, South Africa, and Australia (and ...
‘but for’ test

‘but for’ test  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A test used to establish simple factual causation between an accused's conduct and a result (especially in homicide cases). The test involves the question of whether the alleged causal event ...
Cartesianism

Cartesianism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophical principles embodied in the teaching of R. Descartes.
causal law

causal law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A law of nature framed in terms of a causal relation between two distinct kinds of events, or two distinct features of a system. See also causal nexus, causation.
causality

causality   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
1 The relating of causes to the effects they produce. 2 The presumption that the occurrence or presence of an event or phenomenon is necessarily ... More
causality

causality   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Cosmology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Causality refers to the process of cause and effect in the Universe. Because the speed of light, acting as a universal speed limit, is finite, regions of the Universe which are well ... More
causality

causality   Reference library

Penelope Mackie

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,284 words
The relation between two items one of which is a cause of the other; alternatively ‘causation’. ‘Causality’ or ‘causation’ can also refer to a group of topics including the nature of the ... More
Causation

Causation   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,801 words

In many branches of the law, a litigant must prove that a particular result has been caused by an act

causation

causation   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
922 words

For legal purposes, it is often necessary to determine whether a particular factor, be it an act or an omission,

causation

causation   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,156 words

Although it would be strictly false to say that every important discussion of causation in Britain was – and still

Causation, Theories of

Causation, Theories of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,698 words

The Greek word aition (or aitia) is sometimes translated as “cause” (an ontological category) and sometimes as “explanation” (an

causation, downwards

causation, downwards   Reference library

Alastair Hannay

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
192 words

The alleged causal influence of higher-level phenomena on lower-level processes, a notable example being the supposed causation of the physical by the mental. Although Cartesian ...

causes

causes   Reference library

J. E. Tiles

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,083 words

The earliest treatments of causality link the concept firmly to that of explanation. Aristotle defines aitia (the Latin translation of which is ...

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