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Alan of Lille

Alan of Lille  

(d. 1203), poet, theologian, and preacher. He probably studied and taught at Paris c.1150–c.1185. Later he moved to the South of France and towards the end of his life entered the abbey of Cîteaux. ...
Albi

Albi  

A modest vicus Albi owed its promotion to the administrative reforms of the 4th c., which made it the capital of a civitas and a diocese. Its importance long remained ...
Albigenses

Albigenses  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A medieval term for the inhabitants of parts of S. France applied to the heretics who were strong there in the late 12th and early 13th cents. They were a branch of the Cathars. They were condemned ...
Apocrypha, Bogomil

Apocrypha, Bogomil  

The Bogomils, in an effort to justify and propagate their teachings, made use of the Slavonic versions of several early Greek apocrypha, among them The Book of Baruch, The Book ...
Avignon Papacy

Avignon Papacy  

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Overview Page
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Literature
This is the period between 1309 and the early 15th c. when the popes lived at Avignon, an enclave in the Comtat Venaissin ceded to the papacy in 1229 after ...
battle of Muret

battle of Muret  

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In September 1213 Pedro II of Aragon entered southern France to defend his vassals and territories against Simon de Montfort, the leader of the Albigensian Crusade, most of whose forty-day ...
Beaucaire

Beaucaire  

A trading town on the main route from Italy to Spain at the Rhône, once in the kingdom of Burgundy, then held by the counts of Provence, then (1125) by ...
Bernard Gui

Bernard Gui  

(c.1261–1331), Dominican historian. He was appointed inquisitor of Toulouse in 1307 and Bp. of Lodève in 1324. He is remembered chiefly for his contribution to the history of the Dominican Order.
Bogomils

Bogomils  

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Religion
A member of a heretical medieval Balkan sect professing a modified form of Manichaeism. The name is recorded from the mid 19th century, and comes from medieval Greek Bogomilos, from Bogomil, ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina  

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History
The northern half of the state of Bosnia‐Hercegovina since 1580. The term is generally used as an abbreviation for the entire state since its independence in 1992.
Canso de la crotzada

Canso de la crotzada  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
This Occitan song recounting the Albigensian Crusade (1209–29), waged ostensibly against Catharism, is an incomplete epic poem of 9,582 lines, the work of two authors. The first third, covering the ...
Carcassonne

Carcassonne  

City dominating the Aude between Narbonne and Toulouse. A Roman colony later fortified by a 4th-century Visigothic fortress, then by Arabs (after 725). Bishopric established c.570. After Frankish ...
Champagne

Champagne  

Province of France. During the MA, the influential counts of Champagne were virtually independent of their nominal suzerain, the king of France, until the conquest of Champagne by Philip III ...
consolamentum

consolamentum  

Cathar rite of initiation into the ranks of the elite. The ritual, which elevated the ordinary believer to the status of a perfectus, was derived from Bogomil practice and was ...
Docetism

Docetism  

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Religion
In the early Church a tendency, rather than a formulated doctrine, which considered the humanity and sufferings of the earthly Christ as apparent rather than real. In some forms it held that Christ ...
Dominicans

Dominicans  

[Ge]A religious order of friars, known as Black Friars, introduced in the early 13th century ad and concerned to maintain the faith and convert the infidel.
dualism

dualism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1 A metaphysical system which holds that good and evil are the product of separate and equally ultimate first causes.2 The view that in the Incarnate Christ there were not merely two natures but two ...
Ekbert of Schönau

Ekbert of Schönau  

(c.1120–1184)Born to a Noble Rhineland family very devoted to the Church, Ekbert studied at Paris and then became a canon of the chapter of Saints Cassius and Florent at ...
Elementary Instruction

Elementary Instruction  

Christianity being a religion of the book, it was necessary for everyone, laity, clerics and monks, to have at least an elementary instruction. From the beginning of the Middle Ages ...
Flamenca

Flamenca  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Occitan romance, probably composed after 1263 in the south of Occitania, though set in northern France. The beginning and end are missing. The heroine, Flamenca, is kept locked up by ...

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