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Cathars

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Alan of Lille

Alan of Lille  

(d. 1203), poet, theologian, and preacher. He probably studied and taught at Paris c.1150–c.1185. Later he moved to the South of France and towards the end of his life entered the abbey of Cîteaux. ...
Albi

Albi  

A modest vicus Albi owed its promotion to the administrative reforms of the 4th c., which made it the capital of a civitas and a diocese. Its importance long remained ...
Albigenses

Albigenses  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A medieval term for the inhabitants of parts of S. France applied to the heretics who were strong there in the late 12th and early 13th cents. They were a branch of the Cathars. They were condemned ...
Apocrypha, Bogomil

Apocrypha, Bogomil  

The Bogomils, in an effort to justify and propagate their teachings, made use of the Slavonic versions of several early Greek apocrypha, among them The Book of Baruch, The Book ...
Avignon Papacy

Avignon Papacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
This is the period between 1309 and the early 15th c. when the popes lived at Avignon, an enclave in the Comtat Venaissin ceded to the papacy in 1229 after ...
battle of Muret

battle of Muret  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In September 1213 Pedro II of Aragon entered southern France to defend his vassals and territories against Simon de Montfort, the leader of the Albigensian Crusade, most of whose forty-day ...
Beaucaire

Beaucaire  

A trading town on the main route from Italy to Spain at the Rhône, once in the kingdom of Burgundy, then held by the counts of Provence, then (1125) by ...
Bernard Gui

Bernard Gui  

(c.1261–1331), Dominican historian. He was appointed inquisitor of Toulouse in 1307 and Bp. of Lodève in 1324. He is remembered chiefly for his contribution to the history of the Dominican Order.
Bogomils

Bogomils  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A member of a heretical medieval Balkan sect professing a modified form of Manichaeism. The name is recorded from the mid 19th century, and comes from medieval Greek Bogomilos, from Bogomil, ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The northern half of the state of Bosnia‐Hercegovina since 1580. The term is generally used as an abbreviation for the entire state since its independence in 1992.
Canso de la crotzada

Canso de la crotzada  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
This Occitan song recounting the Albigensian Crusade (1209–29), waged ostensibly against Catharism, is an incomplete epic poem of 9,582 lines, the work of two authors. The first third, covering the ...
Carcassonne

Carcassonne  

City dominating the Aude between Narbonne and Toulouse. A Roman colony later fortified by a 4th-century Visigothic fortress, then by Arabs (after 725). Bishopric established c.570. After Frankish ...
Cathar

Cathar   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
a member of a heretical medieval Christian sect which professed a form of Manichaean dualism and sought to achieve great spiritual purity. The name is recorded in English from the mid 17th ... More
Cathars

Cathars   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
394 words

(from Gr. Καθαροί, “the pure”), medieval dualist sect that flourished in Germany, southern France, and northern Italy. From the mid-12th

Cathars

Cathars   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
436 words

The Cathars—or Albigensians, as their southern French adherents were called—were dualists, believing that the world is dominated by the opposing

Cathars

Cathars   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
127 words

(Lat., Cathari, from Gk., katharoi, ‘pure ones’).

Christian dualist heresy in W. Europe, which, in the 13th–14th cents., was

Cathars, Albigensians

Cathars, Albigensians   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,496 words
Illustration(s):
1

From the 10th c. in the Byzantine Empire, from the 11th in Western Christendom, there appear a

Cathars and Catharism

Cathars and Catharism   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,026 words

The name given to the heretics and *heresy of southern *France and *Italy of the 12th and 13th centuries. Catharism

Champagne

Champagne  

Province of France. During the MA, the influential counts of Champagne were virtually independent of their nominal suzerain, the king of France, until the conquest of Champagne by Philip III ...
consolamentum

consolamentum  

Cathar rite of initiation into the ranks of the elite. The ritual, which elevated the ordinary believer to the status of a perfectus, was derived from Bogomil practice and was ...

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