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Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  

In 1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, human rights activist and proponent of nonviolence, became both the second Argentinean and Latin American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. Starting in the mid-1960s ...
Andrew Fletcher

Andrew Fletcher  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1655–1716).Politician. Fletcher of Saltoun was taught by Gilbert Burnet, who later described him as ‘a most violent republican and extremely passionate’. He represented East Lothian at the ...
Andrew Marvell

Andrew Marvell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1621–1678) English poetThe First Anniversary of the Government Under the Lord Protector (1655) PoetryThe Character of Holland (1665) PoetryThe Rehearsal Transpros'd [part i; part ii, 1673] (1672) ...
Andrew Michael Ramsay

Andrew Michael Ramsay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1686–1743)Andrew Ramsay was born at Ayr in Scotland on 9 July 1686 and died at St Germaine-en-Laye, France on 6 May 1743. French by adoption, the Duke of Orléans ...
Anglicanism

Anglicanism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Of, relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any Church in communion with it. The name comes (in the early 17th century) from medieval Latin Anglicanus (its adoption suggested by Anglicana ...
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1621–83)English statesman. He entered Parliament in 1640 as a royalist supporter, but changed sides in 1643, eventually becoming a member of Cromwell's council of state. In 1660 he was one of the ...
assimilation

assimilation  

[Ge]The absorption of a minority group into a majority population, during which the group takes on the values and norms of the dominant culture.
Augusto Pinochet

Augusto Pinochet  

(1915–2006)Chilean soldier who overthrew Salvador Allende to become president of Chile (1973–89).Pinochet was born in Chile and educated at the Military Academy School of Infantry, having joined the ...
Augustus Welby Pugin

Augustus Welby Pugin  

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Overview Page
(1812–52).Architect and pioneer of the Victorian Gothic Revival. Before Pugin, ‘Gothick’ architecture had been largely a romantic plaything of rich dilettantes. He saw something deeper in it. ...
Australian Labor Party

Australian Labor Party  

(ALP)is the oldest political party in Australia. Its origins lie in the formation of electoral organisations by trade unionists and socialists from the late 1880s. The defeat of the ...
Bible in Irish

Bible in Irish  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The translation of the Bible into vernacular languages came about as a result of the Reformation, but in Ireland an added incentive was given by the need to convert the ...
Boyle Lectures

Boyle Lectures  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Robert Boyle is best remembered today for his contributions to the natural sciences of chemistry and pneumatics. What is less well known is that Boyle was also a devout Christian ...
Branwell's Blackwood's Magazine

Branwell's Blackwood's Magazine  

In January 1829 Branwell Brontë began publication of a tiny Glass Town magazine (5.2 × 3.3 cm) in minute print writing, modelled on Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, avidly read by the ...
Chile

Chile  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Chile has set aside the Pinochet years, and now has a stable democracy and a successful economyChile is remarkably narrow: 4,329 kilometres long and on average no more than 180 kilometres wide. From ...
Christian Democracy

Christian Democracy  

Christian democracy has been a successful post‐war political movement in Western Europe and, to a lesser extent, Latin America. Its sociological and ideological origins, however, lie in the ...
Christopher John Fardo Williams

Christopher John Fardo Williams  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1930–97)C. J. F. Williams was born in Walsall on 31 December 1930 and died in Bristol on 25 March 1997. After going to school at Shrewsbury he went up ...
clericalism

clericalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A term, often used in an opprobrious sense, for an excessively professional attitude of outlook, conversation, or conduct on the part of clergymen, or for the imitation of a supposedly ...
concordat

concordat  

Formal agreement between the pope and a king or emperor that resolved matters between the two leaders concerning affairs in the secular ruler’s territory. The earliest and best-known agreement was ...
critical reception to 1860

critical reception to 1860  

Although all four Brontës had published work prior to 1847, Jane Eyre was the first of their writings to receive significant critical attention. The sisters' book of Poems 1846 had ...
Dana

Dana  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(May 1904–April 1905), a short-lived monthly magazine edited by John Eglinton and Frederick Ryan, sharply critical of the role of Catholicism in Irish society.

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