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abortion

abortion  

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated ...
Anglicanism

Anglicanism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Of, relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any Church in communion with it. The name comes (in the early 17th century) from medieval Latin Anglicanus (its adoption suggested by Anglicana ...
anticlericalism

anticlericalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The opposition to the secular influence of the Church, usually the Roman Catholic Church. It was a major theme in the domestic politics of several European countries during the late nineteenth ...
anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Hostility towards and discrimination against Jewish people (although there are other Semitic peoples, notably the Arabs, anti‐Semitism is only used to refer to prejudice against Jewish people). In ...
António de Oliveira Salazar

António de Oliveira Salazar  

(b. 8 Apr. 1889, d. 27 July 1970).Prime Minister of Portugal 1932–68Early careerBorn in Vimieiro (Beira Alta), he studied at a Roman Catholic school to prepare for the priesthood, but then decided to ...
archive

archive  

A historical document. The plural form is also applied to the place where such documents are housed, e.g. a county record office.
B.A. Santamaria

B.A. Santamaria  

Born in Melbourne in 1915 of Italian immigrants, B. A. (‘Bob’) Santamaria (1915–98) won a scholarship to study law at Melbourne University from 1932. He joined the Campion Society to ...
Balilla

Balilla  

Italian Fascist youth movement Constituted on 3 April 1926, it was organized in three main sections, the Balilla (8–15‐year‐old boys), the Avanguardie (15–18‐year‐old boys), and the Piccole Italiane ...
Béla Kun

Béla Kun  

(b. 20 Feb. 1886, d. 1941).Hungarian Communist dictator 1919Born in Cehu Silvaniei, he graduated as a lawyer from Kolozsvar before World War I. As prisoner of war (1916–18) in Russia he became a ...
Black Church

Black Church  

Apart from the ancient Churches of Nubia and Ethiopia, Black Churches originated in the 18th cent. among the descendants of African slaves in the United States of America. From the 1740s, evangelical ...
Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso  

A landlocked country in West Africa surrounded by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire.Physical.Burkina Faso lies on a plateau, rising highest in the west and cut in the centre by the ...
Christian Democracy

Christian Democracy  

Christian democracy has been a successful post‐war political movement in Western Europe and, to a lesser extent, Latin America. Its sociological and ideological origins, however, lie in the ...
Church and State

Church and State  

[This brief review is designed to provide access to the numerous articles in the encyclopedia that deal with the complex of church-state relations in the sixteenth century.] Persistent conflict over ...
congregationalism

congregationalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Protestant churches based on local autonomy and the equality of all believers. Baptism and the Lord's Supper are the only sacraments accepted. As in other reformed Churches, there are ministers who ...
Conservative Party, Canada

Conservative Party, Canada  

Early history (up to 1920)The Conservative Party emerged from the Liberal‐Conservative government in Upper Canada of Sir John A. Macdonald (b. 1815, d. 1891) in 1854. After the creation of the ...
Daniel Mannix

Daniel Mannix  

(1864–1963),Catholic ecclesiastic. Born in Co. Cork, he taught at Maynooth and became president there in 1903, before being appointed coadjutor archbishop of Melbourne in 1912 and archbishop in 1917. ...
ecumenical Movement

ecumenical Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The movement in the Church towards the visible union of all believers in Christ. Aspirations for unity can be traced from NT times. The modern ecumenical movement may be dated from the Edinburgh ...
encyclical

encyclical  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church. The word is recorded (as an adjective) from the mid 17th century, and comes via late Latin from Greek enkuklios ‘circular, general’.
Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea  

A small country in equatorial West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea.Physical.Equatorial Guinea includes the plateau of Río Muni bounded by Cameroon and Gabon, and the more mountainous and fertile, but ...

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