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Catherine de' Medici

(1519—1589)

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Antoine Caron

Antoine Caron  

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Overview Page
(b Beauvais, 1521; d Paris, 1599).French Mannerist painter. He is one of the few French painters of his time with a distinctive artistic personality, and his work reflects the refined but unstable ...
Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of St

Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of St  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The massacre of a large number of Huguenots which took place on the night of 23–4 Aug. 1572 and the two following days in Paris and other French cities.
Cardinal de Retz

Cardinal de Retz  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1613–79), Abp. of Paris. He was forced into an ecclesiastical career by his family, who had held the see of Paris since 1570. In 1643 he was appointed Coadjutor-Abp. of Paris to his uncle and in ...
Charles IX

Charles IX  

(1550–74),King of France, was the second son of King Henri II and Catherine de Médicis; before his accession he was known as duke of Orléans. In 1560, aged 10 ...
Château de Chenonceaux

Château de Chenonceaux  

The chateau was built by Thomas Bohier between 1513 and 1521. The site is the river Cher, which the chateau spans. After the death of Bohier and his widow the ...
Clement VII

Clement VII  

(1478–1534),Pope from 19 November 1523 until his death on 25 September 1534, was born Giulio de' Medici in Florence on 26 May 1479; he was the illegitimate son of ...
Colloquy of Poissy

Colloquy of Poissy  

(September–October 1561),A conference between Catholic churchmen (led by Cardinal Tournon and including Diego Laínez, general of the Jesuits) and Protestant theologians (led by Theodore Beza and ...
Conjuration d' Amboise

Conjuration d' Amboise  

(1560), a Huguenot plot possibly led by Louis I de Bourbon, prince of Condé, to capture the youthful King Francis II at the Château d'Amboise and destroy the power of ...
cookery

cookery  

Modern European cookery has its origins in fifteenth-century Italy, when cooks began to prepare and serve food imaginatively and to experiment with new recipes. The Diarii of Marino Sanuto record ...
Count of Nassau Louis

Count of Nassau Louis  

(1538–74),Dutch leader in the Revolt of the Netherlands, the son of William of Nassau and the younger brother of William of Orange. He was raised in the Lutheran faith ...
Diane de Poitiers

Diane de Poitiers  

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History
 (1499–1566) French royal mistressduring Henri II’s reign (1547–59), daughter of the comte de Saint-Vallier, himself a bibliophile. Her library remained with the Vendôme family at Anet until it was ...
Dumonstier

Dumonstier  

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Family of French artists, active in various fields but mainly as portrait painters. About a dozen members of the family are recorded and several of them held court appointments. The ...
embroidery

embroidery  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Decorative surface stitching, usually in wool or silk, on fabric, practised in all parts of the world.
Fontainebleau

Fontainebleau  

Near Paris, hunting grounds for French royalty, with a chapel established by Louis VII. It was the site of a French–English truce agreed by Charles IV and Edward II, as ...
Francis II

Francis II  

(1544–60),King of France, the eldest son of King Henri II and Catherine de Médicis. In 1558, at the age of 14, he married the 16-year-old Mary, Queen of scots. ...
François Anjou, duc d'

François Anjou, duc d'  

(1554–84), the fourth son of King Henri II of France and Catherine de Médicis. He was known as the duke of Alençon until 6 May 1576, when his brother King ...
François Hotman

François Hotman  

(1524–90),French jurist and political theorist, successor to Cujas at Bourges. He was born in Paris to a family of Silesian origin, and studied law at Orléans. In 1546 he ...
Gaspard de Coligny

Gaspard de Coligny  

(1519–72),French Huguenot leader and admiral of France, born into a noble family; his father and namesake was maréchal de France, and his mother was Louise of Montmorency, the sister ...
Germain Pilon

Germain Pilon  

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(b Paris, c.1525; d Paris, 3 Feb. 1590).The most powerful and original French sculptor of the 16th century. He was the son of a sculptor, André Pilon. His first known work is the group of Three ...
Girolamo Savonarola

Girolamo Savonarola  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1452–98)Italian preacher and religious reformer. A Dominican monk and strict ascetic, in 1482 he moved to Florence, where he attracted great attention for his passionate preaching denouncing ...

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