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Acilius Glabrio, Manius

Acilius Glabrio, Manius  

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(RE 40; Suppl. 1)patrician and member of Domitian's consilium (council of advisers); as consul in ad 91 he had to fight in the arena at Domitian's Alban estate (see ...
Acrae

Acrae  

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Founded by Syracuse in 663 bc (Thucydides 6. 5. 3), stands on a hill protected by steep cliffs, commanding the westward route from the Syracusan plain. It enjoyed local self-government ...
ambitus

ambitus  

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1 Consecrated area surrounding a grave or tomb, or the burial-ground attached to a church.2 Space in a loculus in a cata-comb or hypogeum surrounding the body or coffin, or around a funerary urn or ...
ampulla

ampulla  

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Religion
A flask for sacred uses such as holding the oil for anointing the sovereign at a coronation. Recorded in this sense from late Middle English, the word is Latin, originally denoting a roughly ...
Antonio Bosio

Antonio Bosio  

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Religion
(c.1575–1629), Italian archaeologist. His Roma sotterranea (‘1632’, really 1634) remained the standard work on the catacombs until G. B. de Rossi's researches.
Appian Way

Appian Way  

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Religion
The principal road southward from Rome in classical times, named after the censor Appius Claudius Caecus, who in 312 bc built the section to Capua; it was later extended to Brindisi.
arcosolium

arcosolium  

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Religion
(pl. arcosolia).Loculus with an arched or vaulted top in a Roman catacomb, hypogeum, or other type of tomb, usually big enough to contain a sarcophagus.
art and architecture: early Christian

art and architecture: early Christian  

In its most common definition, the art and architecture of the Roman Empire from the 4th through the 6th century. Chronological boundaries tend to vary depending on preferences of periodization ...
art, funerary, Roman

art, funerary, Roman  

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Early republican tombs at Rome have none of the decorative features of contemporary Etruscan funerary art (see etruscans), but by the mid to late republic some aristocratic tombs show a desire for ...
basilica

basilica  

A large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in ancient Rome as a law court or for public assemblies. The name was then applied to a building of this type used ...
Benjamim Baud

Benjamim Baud  

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(c. 1807–75).English architect. He was Wyatville's assistant during the remodelling of Windsor Castle, Berks. (1826–40). In 1838 he won the competition to design the West of London and Westminster ...
Cana

Cana  

An ancient small town in Galilee, where Christ is said to have performed his first miracle by changing water into wine during a marriage feast (John 2:1–11).
catafalque

catafalque  

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A temporary structure, decorated and usually draped, representing a tomb or cenotaph and used in funeral ceremonies to support the coffin. Permanent catafalques can be found in some mortuary chapels, ...
Christian archaeology

Christian archaeology  

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Religion
The phrase commonly denotes the study of the monuments, as distinct from the documents, of early Christianity for the light they can throw on the thought and religious life of the Church, especially ...
Christian Art

Christian Art  

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[This entry includes two subentries, an overview and a discussion of Christian art in Egypt.]Early Christian art usually is identified as such by its subject matter—that is, by the ...
Commendatio Animae

Commendatio Animae  

(Lat., lit. “commending of a soul”), popular prayer for the dead in Western ritual, known from the 3rd C. onward and influential in art and hagiography. It contains 13 petitions ...
cremation

cremation  

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Religion
The standard method for the disposal of the dead in India where (unlike Christianity, Judaism, and Islam) there is no belief in the resurrection of the body. Since ancient times corpses have been ...
crypt

crypt  

[Greek kryptē, ‘hidden’] An accessible space beneath the ground floor of a church. Most crypts are situated under the sanctuary and contain a focus of veneration, usually a saint’s tomb ...
cubiculum

cubiculum  

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Archaeology
[Co]1 Latin name for a bedroom in a Roman house, a number of which would typically open off the atrium.2 Latin term for a chamber in a catacomb that was used for rites and ceremonies connected with ...

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