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André Barsacq

André Barsacq  

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(b. Theodosia, Crimea, 24 Jan. 1909; d. Paris, 3 Feb. 1973)Designer and director. After moving to France and working for Dullin as a designer, he collaborated with Saint-Denis and ...
Article 81

Article 81  

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Subject:
Law
A provision of the Treaty of Rome that prohibits anticompetitive agreements the aim or effect of which is to restrict, prevent, or distort competition in the EU (see also competition law). Article 81 ...
capitalism

capitalism  

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An economic system in which the factors of production are privately owned and individual owners of capital are free to make use of it as they see fit; in particular, for their own profit. In this ...
Charles Dullin

Charles Dullin  

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(b. Yonne, France, 12 May 1885; d. Paris, 11 Dec. 1949)Actor and director. With Louis Jouvet, Dullin was the most important disciple of Copeau. He appeared at Antoine's theatre ...
collective selling

collective selling  

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A transaction in which a set of rights owners—the member clubs of the English football Premier League, for instance, or of the National Basketball Association in the USA—sells the rights to broadcast ...
collusion

collusion  

Action in concert without any formal agreement. For example, firms may refrain from undercutting each other's prices, or from selling in each other's market areas. Collusion is common when ...
competition

competition  

Rivalry between suppliers providing goods or services for a market. The consensus of most economic theory is that competition is beneficial for the public, largely because it brings prices down. ...
competition law

competition law  

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Subject:
Law
The branch of law concerned with the regulation of anticompetitive practices, restrictive trade practices, and abuses of a dominant position or market power. Such laws prohibit cartels and other ...
competitive (and anti-competitive) behaviour

competitive (and anti-competitive) behaviour  

The conduct of businesses in market situations involving actions and reactions to achieve advantage over rivals. Strong competition is usually beneficial to the consumer. Most governments in the ...
competitive strategy

competitive strategy  

A strategy that strongly positions a company against competitors and gives that company the strongest possible strategic advantage.
concerted practice

concerted practice  

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Subject:
Law
The concept of concerted practice is not one that appears in all competition laws in the world. In some regimes, the equivalent notion is that of a ‘conspiracy’. Essentially, the ...
cross-shareholding

cross-shareholding  

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Where two or more companies agree to hold shares in one another for reasons to do with cartels or collusion or as means of mutual protection against unwanted predators. This ...
dawn raid

dawn raid  

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A move without notice by one firm to buy a substantial number of the shares of another. There is normally a limit to the number of shares that can be bought without giving notice of a takeover bid; a ...
Directorate-General for Competition

Directorate-General for Competition  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Directorate‐General for Competition (‘DG Competition’ or, in internal Commission jargon, ‘DG COMP’) is one of the twenty‐three Directorates‐General which make up the bulk of the ‘services’ of the ...
European Competition Network

European Competition Network  

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Subject:
Law
In 2004 a ‘modernization programme’ for the enforcement of EC competition rules came into effect, introducing a new decentralized regime in which the rules are enforced by the European Commission ...
Gaston Baty

Gaston Baty  

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(b. Pelussin, France, 26 May 1885; d. Pelussin, 13 Oct. 1952)Director. A member of the Cartel, Baty was much influenced by expressionism, the Russian ballet and puppet theatre. Not ...
Georges Pitoëff

Georges Pitoëff  

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(1884–1939) and(1895–1951)Russian-French actor, director, designer; and Russian-French actress.Georges Pitoëff's early efforts were influenced by Meyerhold, Tairov, and Komissarzhevskaya, whose ...
horizontal integration

horizontal integration  

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The combination of two or more companies in the same business, carrying out the same process or production, usually to reduce competition and gain economies of scale. Compare vertical integration.
international cartel

international cartel  

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A collusion or an explicit agreement among firms from two or more countries on prices, market shares, allocation of customers, division of profits, etc. with the purpose of increasing the profits of ...
Louis Jouvet

Louis Jouvet  

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(1887–1951)French actor and producer.Jouvet was born in Brittany and began his career with touring companies; he made his Paris debut in The Brothers Karamazov in 1910. Subsequently he became ...

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