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caryatid

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antic

antic  

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A term used to denote the fantastic, bizarre, or distorted nature of a particular piece of sculpture or decoration.
atlas

atlas  

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(pl. atlantes)A sculpted male figure functioning as a column or other supporting feature in architecture, particularly popular in the Baroque period. In Greek mythology, Atlas was the giant who held ...
Berthold Lubetkin

Berthold Lubetkin  

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(1901–90).Russian-born, he was the most influential Socialist architectural immigrant to Britain in the 1930s, bringing International Modernism with him. He studied in Russia in the 1920s, then in ...
Caryatid

Caryatid   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
144 words
Illustration(s):
1

Sculpted female figure (equivalent to the male Atlantid or telamon) used in place of a column in Greek and Roman

Caryatid

Caryatid   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Classical studies
Length:
650 words
Illustration(s):
1

Sculpted female figure (equivalent to the male Atlantid) used in place of a column. Caryatids first appeared in ancient

caryatid

caryatid   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
130 words

A carved female figure, usually clad in long robes, serving as a column. Caryatids were first used in Greek architecture

caryatid

caryatid   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
a stone carving of a draped female figure, used as a pillar to support the entablature of a Greek or Greek-style building. The name comes (in the mid 16th century) via French and Italian ... More
caryatid

caryatid   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
64 words

A sculptured female figure used as a column to support an *entablature. The term carytades derives from Vitruvius (...

caryatid

caryatid   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
38 words
[Co] The sculptured female figure used in place of a column to support an entablature or architrave. Some of the earliest known examples were used in the treasury at Delphi and ... More
caryatides

caryatides   Reference library

Andrew F. Stewart

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
214 words

a Greek term for column-shafts carved in the form of draped women; male equivalents were called Atlantides (see atlas...

Caryatids

Caryatids   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Western Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
164 words

female figures employed as weight-bearing elements in architecture and decorative arts. According to Vitruvius (De architectura 1.1.5) they symbolized

cora

cora  

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(pl. corae).Any column in the form of a young woman, as in the prostasis of the Erechtheion, Athens, also called caryatid.
dentil

dentil  

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[De]The line of teeth‐like blocks of stone, suggesting the rafter ends of a flat roof, found, for example, under the cornice of a building of Ionic or Corinthian order.
Elgin Marbles

Elgin Marbles  

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A collection of classical Greek marble sculptures and architectural fragments, chiefly from the frieze and pediment of the Parthenon in Athens, brought to England by the diplomat and art connoisseur ...
Erechtheum

Erechtheum  

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A marble temple of the Ionic order built on the Acropolis in Athens c. 421–406 bc, with shrines to Athene, Poseidon, and Erechtheus, a legendary king of Athens. A masterpiece of the Ionic order, it ...
Flemish Mannerism

Flemish Mannerism  

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North-European mutation and mélange of Flamboyant Gothic, High Renaissance Italian Mannerist, and French Renaissance Fontainebleau styles. It exploited cartouches, caryatides, grotesque ornament, ...
Fontainebleau

Fontainebleau  

Near Paris, hunting grounds for French royalty, with a chapel established by Louis VII. It was the site of a French–English truce agreed by Charles IV and Edward II, as ...
forum Augustum

forum Augustum  

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Or dedicated in 2 bc, the vast precinct of Mars Ultor in Rome, vowed by Octavian at Philippi. The octastyle marble Corinthian temple stood on a lofty podium at the northern end; the interior of the ...
Greek art

Greek art  

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A term used to describe the art and architecture of ancient Greece, which consisted of many independent city states around the Aegean Sea bound together only by a shared language and religion. ...
Jacques Lemercier

Jacques Lemercier  

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(c. 1585–1654).Important mid-C17 French architect. He worked on the Square Court of the Louvre in Paris, begun by Lescot, and was responsible for the Pavillon de l'Horloge (completed 1641) in which ...

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