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Jacques Cartier

(1491—1557) French explorer

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Aboriginal languages

Aboriginal languages  

About 45 First Nations languages are spoken in Canada (the estimated number depends on the classification system). The languages with the greatest number of speakers (the numbers are approximations) ...
Canada

Canada  

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Overview Page
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History
An increasingly multicultural population largely free from racial tensionCanada is, after Russia, the world's second largest country, though much is barren and sparsely populated. The more remote ...
conservation Movement.

conservation Movement.  

Launched in 1908 as a national crusade, the conservation movement involved the wide range of concerns later embraced by the environmental movement. Its intellectual origins date to the western land ...
contact

contact  

This term usually signifies the arrival of the Europeans and the modifications Aboriginal societies underwent to accommodate to changed economic conditions. Such ethnocentric thinking ignores ...
diamants du Canada

diamants du Canada  

European navigators in the 16th century wanted to bring back something of value from their voyages, and Jacques Cartier was no exception. During his exploration of the St Lawrence, Cartier ...
Donnacona

Donnacona  

In the first half of the 16th century Donnacona was a First Nations leader at Stadacona, a village on the St Lawrence River on the site of present-day Quebec City. ...
Eastern Approaches

Eastern Approaches  

When John Cabot sailed across the Atlantic in 1497, he believed that he was pioneering a new sea route to China and Japan, one that approached those fabled lands from ...
French exploration

French exploration  

Although it was sporadic, exploration in North America until well into the 19th century was motivated largely by the search for a passage across the continent. During the French regime ...
French Settlements in North America.

French Settlements in North America.  

Because official French interest in North America began with the desire to find the fabled Northwest Passage to the riches of Asia, the crown lost interest in North America for ...
Gaspé

Gaspé  

A 21,000 sq km peninsula in southeastern Quebec that extends like a finger into the Gulf of St Lawrence, Gaspé takes its name from the Montagnais word ‘Gespeg’ (‘land’s end'). ...
great auk

great auk  

(Pinguinus impennis).After 10,000 years these birds became extinct in Canada (1841 or 1852). Penguin-like, they flew only underwater and were easily killed on land. Their bones are found in ...
Labrador

Labrador  

Historic maps dating to the 16th century show Labrador as the name for the entire northeastern peninsula of the North American continent. In 1912 the northwestern and Ungava Bay areas ...
Montreal

Montreal  

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Long the economic and cultural capital of French Canada, the city has also been an important centre of English-language theatre since the early nineteenth century. With more than 150 professional ...
national flag

national flag  

The first flag to fly in Canada, raised by John Cabot in 1497, was the Royal Banner—France Modern quartering England (Arms of Canada). The Royal Banner of France (France Modern) ...
New Brunswick

New Brunswick  

Was detached from Nova Scotia to form a separate colony when 14,000 loyalist refugees arrived from the USA in 1784. The economy boomed from 1809 after Napoleon had blocked timber supplies from the ...
Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island  

Was ceded by France in 1763, becoming a separate colony in 1769. It was called St John's Island until 1799. Although the dominion of Canada was planned at a conference in Charlottetown, the island's ...
Quebec

Quebec  

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Overview Page
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Literature
See entries on writings in French in Biography And Memoirs, Children's Drama, Children's Literature, Collective Creations, Criticism, Drama, Essays, Fantastic Literature, Folklore, Historical ...
Québec

Québec  

Located at the head of the St Lawrence estuary, Quebec City was founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608. Visited by Jacques Cartier in 1535 and the site of tentative ...
Quebec tercentenary

Quebec tercentenary  

1908.At the beginning of the 20th century, countries across the Western world were staging large-scale commemorative celebrations. In Canada, the most significant such event was held at Quebec City ...
Samuel de Champlain

Samuel de Champlain  

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History
(1567–1635)French explorer and colonial statesman. He made his first voyage to Canada in 1603, and between 1604 and 1607 explored the eastern coast of North America. In 1608 he was sent to establish ...

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