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Abraham Bloemaert

Abraham Bloemaert  

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(b Gorinchem, 25 Dec. 1566; d Utrecht, 13 Jan. 1651).Dutch figure and landscape painter and engraver, the son of a sculptor and architect, Cornelis I Bloemaert (c.1540–93). He spent most of his life ...
academies

academies  

Are societies or institutions for the cultivation and promotion of literature, the arts or science, or of some particular branch of science such as medicine, for example, the Académie de ...
academy

academy  

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The philosophical school of Plato; Akadēmeia was the name of the garden where Plato originally taught, named after the hero Akadēmos.
academy figure

academy figure  

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A careful painting or drawing (usually about half life-size) from the nude human figure made as an exercise, typically in an art school or academy. The figure is usually depicted in a heroic pose, ...
Aldobrandini

Aldobrandini  

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Italian family of lawyers and ecclesiastics that came to prominence with the election of Ippolito Aldobrandini (1536–1605) as Pope Clement VIII in 1592. He commissioned a great deal of art ...
Alessandro Algardi

Alessandro Algardi  

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(1598–1654).A native of Bologna who settled in Rome, he designed the Villa Doria-Pamphíli (1640s), situated in beautiful gardens outside the Porta San Pancrazio. He was a successful sculptor.Montagu ...
Anton Raphael Mengs

Anton Raphael Mengs  

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(b Aussig, Bohemia [now Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic], 12 Mar. 1728; d Rome, 29 June 1779).German painter, the son of a court painter in Dresden, Ismael Mengs (1688–1764). His father brought him up ...
baroque

baroque  

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Music
The ornate style of art and architecture which flourished in Italy in the 17th and early 18th cents., and spread throughout mainland Europe, especially in France and Spain.
Bartolomeo Schedoni

Bartolomeo Schedoni  

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(b Formigine, nr. Modena, 1578; d Parma, 23 Dec. 1615).Italian painter and draughtsman, active mainly in Modena, at the Este court, and then from 1607 in Parma, where he ...
Bartolommeo Passarotti

Bartolommeo Passarotti  

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(bapt. Bologna, 28 June 1529; d Bologna, 3 June 1592).Italian painter. After spending much of his early career in Rome (c.1551–c.1565) he settled in his native Bologna, where he had a large studio ...
Bril

Bril  

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Flemish painters. Both Matthijs (1550–83) and his younger brother Paul (c. 1554–1626) started training with their father in Antwerp before departing for Rome within a few years of each other. ...
caricature

caricature  

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A form of art, usually portraiture, in which characteristic features of the subject represented are distorted or exaggerated for comic effect or to make critical comment. The term is sometimes used ...
Carlo Maratta

Carlo Maratta  

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(b Camerano, 15 May 1625; d Rome, 15 Dec. 1713).Italian painter. He was the leading painter of his time in Rome and after the death of Bernini in 1682 he was the most famous artist in the city. A ...
Cigoli

Cigoli  

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(b Cigoli, nr. San Miniato, 21 Sept. 1559; d Rome, 8 June 1613).The outstanding Florentine painter of his generation, whose work represents the complex stylistic cross-currents in the period of ...
Claude Lorrain

Claude Lorrain  

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(1600–82)Landscape painter from Lorraine, who worked mainly in Rome. He was the first artist to be inspired by the Roman Campagna and its legends. Many 18th‐century English travellers on ...
Correggio

Correggio  

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(b Correggio, c.1490; d Correggio, 5 Mar. 1534).Italian painter, named after the small town in Emilia where he was born and died. Although he worked mainly in provincial centres ...
Count Carlo Cesare Malvasia

Count Carlo Cesare Malvasia  

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(b Bologna, 18 Dec. 1616; d Bologna, 9 Mar. 1693).Italian writer and antiquarian. His major work, Felsina pittrice: vite de' pittori bolognesi (1678), is the most important source for knowledge of ...
Coypel

Coypel  

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Dynasty of French painters of which Noël (b Paris, 25 Dec. 1628; d Paris, 24 Dec. 1707) was the head. He worked in an academic style based on the example of Poussin and Le Brun, was much employed on ...
Cristoforo Roncalli

Cristoforo Roncalli  

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(b Pomarance, nr. Volterra, c.1552; bur. Rome, 14 May 1626).Italian painter, sometimes known as Il Pomarancio, after his birthplace. With Cesari he was one of the leading fresco decorators ...
Denys Calvaert

Denys Calvaert  

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(b Antwerp, c.1540; d Bologna, 16 Apr. 1619).Flemish painter active in Italy. After training in Antwerp he settled permanently in Bologna in about 1560. His work is in an ...

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