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Ardabil

Ardabil  

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Overview Page
Pair of carpets woven in Ardabil, a city in Azerbaijan in north-west Iran. Two of the most spectacular carpets of the Safavid period of Iranian history were purportedly made for ...
Armenia

Armenia  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A region south of the Caucasus in Asia Minor, comprising the Republic of Armenia (see Armenia, Republic of) but also parts of eastern Turkey and northern Iran. Armenian culture dates from the 6th ...
Axminster

Axminster  

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Overview Page
English centre of carpet production. In 1755 Thomas Whitty (d 1792), a weaver from Axminster (Devon), built a large vertical loom, taught his daughters to tie the symmetrical or Ghiordes ...
beds

beds  

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Type of furniture for sleeping or resting. Fragments of beds have survived from the 1st Dynasty of Pharaonic Egypt (c.2925–c. 2775 bc). They had rectangular frames, typically spanned by hide ...
Beylik

Beylik  

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Term applied to a number of Turkish principalities in Anatolia from the last years of Saljuq rule at the end of the 13th century to the final incorporation of Anatolia ...
Brussels carpet

Brussels carpet  

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Overview Page
Type of carpet; see under Carpet, §I. 5.
Bukhara

Bukhara  

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Overview Page
Centre of carpet production in Uzbekihstan. The oasis that eventually grew into the city of Bukhara has been a centre of textile production since the 6th century ad. Bukhara was ...
Dhurrie

Dhurrie  

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Cotton flatweave carpet made in India; see also under Carpet, §II., 2.N. Chaldecott: Dhurries: History, Pattern, Technique, Identification (New York, 2003)
forgery

forgery  

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A sharp way of raising some of the problems of aesthetic theory is to ask why fakes and forgeries, however good, are typically valued much less highly than originals. The difference may seem to be a ...
furniture

furniture  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Table, chair, and couch are the central items of ancient furnishing. Their principal characteristic is portability, essential in the circumstances of ancient domestic life, with use of space, and ...
Gandja

Gandja  

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Town in Azerbaijan. Located on the Gyandza-chay, a tributary of the Kura River in the Transcaucasus, it is recorded by medieval geographers as an important strategic and trading center from ...
garden

garden  

A plot of ground on which plants (flowers, vegetables, fruits, or herbs) are cultivated. See also horticulture, market garden.
Kashan

Kashan  

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Town in central Iran c. 185 km south of Tehran. Although the region has a long history of settlement (e.g. the ancient site of Tepe Sialk to the southwest) and ...
Kidderminster

Kidderminster  

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English centre of carpet production. By the end of the 16th century, if not earlier, weavers in the English town of Kidderminster (Hereford & Worcs) were producing a strong, woollen ...
kilim

kilim  

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A tapestry-woven rug from the Islamic lands of western Central Africa, the Middle East, the Balkans, and North Africa. They are between two and five metres in length and one to two metres wide. The ...
Kirman

Kirman  

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Iranian city that was reputedly founded by the first Sasanian king, Ardashir I (r. 224–41ce), and that has been the capital of the province of the same name since the ...
knot garden

knot garden  

The term ‘knot garden’ is sometimes used in fifteenth-century English to refer to a maze and in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century English to a French parterre. The term is now used ...
Konya

Konya  

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An ancient Phrygian settlement, which became the capital of the Seljuk sultans towards the end of the 11th century.
Moquette

Moquette  

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Form of loop-pile carpeting woven at Lille, Tournai, Abbeville and Rouen in the 18th century; it was considered good enough for use in secondary rooms and for upholstery. During the ...
Mudéjar

Mudéjar  

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A decorative and architectural style, part Islamic and part Gothic, which evolved in Spain after the reconquest of the peninsula from the Moors between the 13th and 15th centuries. It was created by ...

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