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canon law

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Abbo of Fleury

Abbo of Fleury  

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Religion
(?945–1004),a French theologian, author of the Epitome de Vitis Romanorum Pontificum and of lives of the saints.
Absalon of Lund

Absalon of Lund  

(1128–1201)Educated in Paris, he became bishop of Roskilde (1158), then archbishop of Lund, Denmark (1178). He participated in the conquest and conversion of pagans (especially of Rügen), had great ...
Adenulf of Anagni

Adenulf of Anagni  

(d. 1289/90)*Canon of Paris, nephew of Pope Gregory IX. He wrote commentaries on Aristotle’s Topics and on the Psalms (edited among the works of Albertus Magnus), Quodlibeta, and Sermons. ...
administration, royal

administration, royal  

A neutral notion of ‘state’, independent from the person of the ruler, is unknown in the MA. Administrative as well as legislative and judicial power emanated from the right of ...
Administrative Decrees of the Political Authorities (Qānūn)

Administrative Decrees of the Political Authorities (Qānūn)  

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In the Islamic legal and political context, qānūn originally referred to administrative decrees of political authorities, such as tax regulations, and later came to mean state codes or secular law ...
Afonso II, king of Portugal

Afonso II, king of Portugal  

(r. 1211–1223)Leprous, overweight, militarily undistinguished, Afonso II had a short reign beset by his brothers’ pretensions to the throne, invasion by León, the complicated struggle with his ...
African customary law

African customary law  

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This useful, albeit disputed, term denotes a body of largely unwritten laws that have been derived from social practices regarded as obligatory by the communities concerned. The account below is ...
age, canonical

age, canonical  

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The age, fixed by canon law, at which a person becomes capable of undertaking special duties, etc. The term is used especially in connection with ordination.
Alberico Gentili

Alberico Gentili  

Alberico Gentili (1552–1608), born in San Ginesio (near Macerata, Italy), graduated as doctor of law in 1572 at the University of Perugia. His father Matteo, a physician, was forced as ...
Alexander III

Alexander III  

(d. 1181), Pope from 1159. After his election, an antipope (Victor IV) was immediately set up and supported by the Emp. Frederick I. During the 17-year schism, Alexander lived mainly in France. Here ...
Alexander VI

Alexander VI  

(Ital., Rodrigo Borgia; 1431–1503), pope (1492–1503).Nephew of the Spanish pope Alonso Borgia (Calixtus III; 1455–1458), Rodrigo Borgia was made a cardinal by his uncle in 1456 and shortly afterward ...
Alexander Whyte

Alexander Whyte  

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(1836–1921),Scottish Evangelical. Minister of the Free (later United Free) Church of Scotland church of St George's, Edinburgh (1870–1916) and principal of New College, Edinburgh (1909–18), he was ...
Alvaro Pelayo

Alvaro Pelayo  

(c.1275–1349)Alvaro Pelayo or Pais, or Alvarus Pelagius, studied canon law and civil law at Bologna, before becoming a Franciscan in 1306. From 1330 to 1332, he was confessor to ...
antipope

antipope  

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Religion
A person set up as Bp. of Rome in opposition to the person holding the see or held to be lawfully elected to it.
Antonio da Butrio

Antonio da Butrio  

(1338–1408)This celebrated Decretalist was venerated in his lifetime both for his qualities as a professor and for the example of his religious and moral virtues. His university career was ...
Apiarius

Apiarius  

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Religion
A priest in proconsular Africa who was deposed by his bishop for misconduct. The incident is important in connection with the growth of Papal jurisdiction. Apiarius appealed to Pope Zosimus (417–18), ...
Apostolic Canons

Apostolic Canons  

A series of 85 canons attributed to the Apostles; they form the concluding chapter of the ‘Apostolic Constitutions’. They mostly deal with the responsibilities and moral conduct of the clergy. The ...
Apostolic Constitutions

Apostolic Constitutions  

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A collection of ecclesiastical laws dating from c.350–80 and almost certainly of Syrian provenance. There has been much speculation about the compiler, who was clearly an Arian, perhaps Julian the ...
apparitor

apparitor  

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An officer chosen by an ecclesiastical judge to summon persons to appear before, and to execute the decrees of, his court.
Arabic manuscripts

Arabic manuscripts  

Arabic manuscripts copied between the 8th and the 15th c. (the earliest codex is datable to 843, but several fragments date back in all probability a century earlier) may number ...

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