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John Calvin

(1509—1564) French Protestant theologian and reformer

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action sermon

action sermon  

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Religion
Among Scottish Presbyterians, the sermon preached before the administration of the Lord's Supper.
Albert Pighi

Albert Pighi  

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Religion
(c.1490–1542), Dutch Catholic theologian. His main work, Hierarchiae Ecclesiasticae Assertio (1538), was an elaborate defence of tradition as a source of Christian truth co-ordinate with Scripture; ...
Arminianism

Arminianism  

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Religion
The doctrine of James Arminius or Harmensen (d. 1609), a Dutch Protestant theologian whose views were opposed to those of Calvin, especially on predestination.
atonement

atonement  

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Religion
Reparation, in Christian belief the reconciliation of God and mankind through Jesus Christ. The word comes (in the early 16th century, denoting unity or reconciliation, especially between God and ...
Augustus Montague Toplady

Augustus Montague Toplady  

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Literature
(1740–78),is remembered for his hymns, especially ‘Rock of Ages’, published in the Gospel Magazine in 1775.
Bernardino Ochino

Bernardino Ochino  

(1487–1564),Italian Protestant reformer, born in Siena, where he entered the austere Order of Observantine Friars, a reformed Franciscan religious order. He became general of his Order, but in 1534 ...
Book of Psalms

Book of Psalms  

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Religion
(Gk., psalmoi, ‘songs accompanied by string music’).The first of the Writings in the Hebrew Bible and nineteenth book in the Christian Old Testament. The Hebrew title is Tehillim (‘songs ...
Calvinism

Calvinism  

The Protestant theological system of the French Protestant theologian and reformer John Calvin (1509–64) and his successors, which develops Luther's doctrine of justification by faith alone into an ...
Church of Scotland

Church of Scotland  

The church claims continuity from Ninian and Columba. Although the Scottish Reformation's first impact was Lutheran, the return of John Knox from Geneva in 1559 led to the church's reconstruction on ...
clandestinity

clandestinity  

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Religion
The celebration of marriages without the cognizance of proper authority. Attempts to deal with the abuse, which was widespread in the Middle Ages, were made by both Catholics and Protestants in the ...
Clément Marot

Clément Marot  

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Literature
(c.1497–1544), French poet and translator. His French verse paraphrase of 49 Psalms appeared between 1538 and 1542; it was received with acclaim by the Protestant community and used as a basis by T. ...
Compagnie Des Pasteurs

Compagnie Des Pasteurs  

In creating the Compagnie des Pasteurs (“Company of Pastors”), the Protestants of Geneva broke emphatically with the monarchical model of church government to which their community and most of Europe ...
Conjuration d' Amboise

Conjuration d' Amboise  

(1560), a Huguenot plot possibly led by Louis I de Bourbon, prince of Condé, to capture the youthful King Francis II at the Château d'Amboise and destroy the power of ...
Consensus Genevensis

Consensus Genevensis  

(1552). J. Calvin's reformulation of his teaching on predestination. Directed primarily against A. Pighi, it was also intended to combat H. H. Bolsec and other Protestants who had attacked Calvin's ...
Consensus Tigurinus

Consensus Tigurinus  

(Lat., ‘the Zurich Agreement’). The formula of faith agreed upon in 1549 by the representatives of Protestants of French and German Switzerland. They were primarily concerned to set forth a doctrine ...
consistory

consistory  

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Religion
With the development of the college of cardinals as the chief administrative organ of the papacy in the 11th century, the term was applied to advisory and judicial assemblies of ...
determinism

determinism  

The doctrine that every event has a cause. The usual explanation of this is that for every event, there is some antecedent state, related in such a way that it would break a law of nature for this ...
Dialectical Theology

Dialectical Theology  

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Religion
A name applied to the theological principles of K. Barth and his school, on the ground that it finds the truth in a dialectic apprehension of God which transcends the ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ of the other ...
Edict of Châteaubriant

Edict of Châteaubriant  

(27 June 1551), a decree signed by King Henri II of France restricting the growth of Protestantism in France. The Edict codified earlier decrees, and strengthened the strictures with respect to the ...
elder

elder  

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Religion
A Church officer in the Presbyterian Church. There are two kinds: (1) ‘Teaching elders’, whose function is pastoral; (2) ‘Ruling elders’, laypeople often set apart by ordination who assist the pastor ...

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