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R. A. (‘Rab’) Butler

(1902—1982) politician

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Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home

Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home  

(1903–95).Prime minister. Douglas‐Home succeeded to the earldom in 1951 but relinquished it in 1963 to re‐enter the Commons as prime minister, in succession to Harold Macmillan. In 1974 he returned ...
Butler, R(ichard) A(usten), Baron

Butler, R(ichard) A(usten), Baron (1902–1982)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
299 words

British Conservative politician, who, contrary to expectations, failed to become prime minister. He was created a life peer in 1965...

Derick Heathcoat-Amory

Derick Heathcoat-Amory  

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(b. London, 26 Dec. 1899; d. Devon, 20 Jan. 1981)British; Chancellor of the Exchequer 1958–60; Viscount Amory 1960, KG 1968 The son of a baronet, Heathcoat-Amory was educated at Eton and Christ ...
Education Acts

Education Acts  

Starting in the 19th cent., a series of Education Acts have signalled the reorganization of all aspects of education. The 1870 Act, steered through Parliament by the Liberal W. E. Forster, ...
Edward Heath

Edward Heath  

(b. Broadstairs, Kent, 9 July 1916; d. Salisbury, Wiltshire, 17 July 2005)British; leader of the Conservative Party 1965–75, Prime Minister 1970–4; Kt. 1992 Ted Heath was the only son of a carpenter, ...
Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II  

1926– )Queen of the United Kingdom and head of the Commonwealth (1952– ).Eldest daughter of the future George VI, Elizabeth was privately educated and in World War II served briefly in the ATS ...
Enoch Powell

Enoch Powell  

(b. Birmingham, 15 June 1912; d. London, 8 Feb. 1998)British; Minister of Health 1960–3 Powell's parents were teachers in Birmingham. He was educated at King Edward School, Birmingham, and Trinity ...
Harold Macmillan

Harold Macmillan  

(1894–1986).Prime minister. Anglo‐American by birth, Macmillan proceeded from Eton to Balliol College, Oxford, where he secured a first in classical moderations. During the war he was badly injured. ...
Hugh Gaitskell

Hugh Gaitskell  

(1906–63).As Labour party leader, Gaitskell exercised a more enduring impact on British politics than might be supposed from his brief ministerial career. After Winchester and Oxford, Gaitskell spent ...
welfare state

welfare state  

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Overview Page
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History
A country with a comprehensive system of social welfare funded both by taxation and national insurance. The emergence of the strong secular state in 19th‐century Europe was characterized by the ...
William Temple

William Temple  

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Subject:
Religion
(1881–1944)British clergyman and theologian who served as Archbishop of York (1929–42) and of Canterbury (1942–44); he was one of the principal architects of Anglican theology in the twentieth ...
Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill  

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History
(1874–1965)British statesman, Prime Minister (1940–45; 1951–55). Originally a Conservative MP, he changed to the Liberal Party in 1904, serving as Home Secretary (1910–11) under the Liberals and ...

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