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George Bush

(b. 1924) American Republican statesman, 41st President of the US 1989–93

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Al Gore

Al Gore  

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(1948– )US Democratic politician, vice-president of the USA 1993–2001.The son of a Democratic politician who became senator for Tennessee (1953–71), Al Gore grew up in the American capital and was ...
al-Qaeda

al-Qaeda  

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Religion
A network of Islamic fundamentalist groups, founded in 1988 and associated with the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. The name comes from Arabic, meaning literally ‘the base’.
Americans With Disabilities Act

Americans With Disabilities Act  

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Overview Page
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Law
The Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) brought civil rights protections enjoyed by other minority groups to people with disabilities. An earlier law, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, had made it ...
Ann Richards

Ann Richards  

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(b. Lakeview, Texas, 1 Sept. 1933; d. Austin, Texas, 13 Sept. 2006)US; Governor of Texas 1990–5 Richards attended local school, graduated BA from Baylor University in 1954, and completed a ...
Arab League

Arab League  

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History
An organization of Arab states, founded in Cairo, Egypt in 1945. The principal aims of the League are to protect the independence and sovereignty of its members and to strengthen the ties between ...
arms transfer

arms transfer  

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The transfer of weapons, ammunition, and other military goods from one entity to another (usually between governments), either with or without payment or other reimbursement.
Barry Goldwater

Barry Goldwater  

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(1909–1998), U.S. Senator, Republican presidential candidate.Born in Phoenix, Arizona, Goldwater attended Staunton Military Academy in Virginia and the University of Arizona before entering the ...
Bill Clinton

Bill Clinton  

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History
(1946– )US politician, 42nd President of the USA (1993–2001). A Democrat, he was elected on a programme of reducing the federal deficit by cutting military spending and reforming taxation, while ...
Bob Dole

Bob Dole  

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(b. Russell, Kansas, 22 July 1923)US; US Senator 1966–96, Senate majority leader 1985–6, 1995–6, Republican presidential candidate 1996 In the Second World War Dole served in Italy, where he was ...
Brent Scowcroft

Brent Scowcroft  

(1925) U.S. Air Force officer and national security adviser, born in Utah. Scowcroft was educated at West Point and Columbia University, where in 1967 he received a Ph.D. in international ...
Brilliant Pebbles

Brilliant Pebbles  

1,000 space-based, hit-to-kill interceptors (anti-missile missiles), orbiting 200 to 300 miles above the earth, designed to be effective against missiles with ranges greater than 375 miles. These ...
Bush election victory

Bush election victory  

(2000)Following a highly divisive election campaign, in the 2000 presidential elections George W. Bush won over Vice‐President Al Gore with a small majority of votes in the electoral college, but ...
Carter Doctrine

Carter Doctrine  

A policy announced by President Carter in his State of the Union Address on 23 January 1980, which declared that ‘Gulf oil reserves were of vital interest to the US and the US would therefore be ...
Caspar Weinberger

Caspar Weinberger  

(1917–), lawyer, government official, secretary of defense.President Ronald Reagan appointed Weinberger, a former California and federal official, as secretary of defense in 1981. Weinberger worked ...
Central Intelligence Agency

Central Intelligence Agency  

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History
CIA an independent U.S. agency responsible to the president through its Director and to the people of the United States through Congressional intelligence oversight committees. It was officially ...
chemical and biological warfare

chemical and biological warfare  

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(CBW)The use of synthetic poisonous substances, or organisms such as disease germs, to kill or injure the enemy. They include chlorine, phosgene, and mustard gas (first used in World War I), various ...
Civil Rights Acts

Civil Rights Acts  

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History
(1866, 1875, 1957, 1964)Legislation aimed at extending the legal and civil rights of the US Black population. The first Civil Rights Act of 1866 reversed the doctrine laid down by the Dred Scott ...
Clarence Thomas

Clarence Thomas  

(b. 23 June 1948).US Supreme Court Justice 1991–  The youngest ever Justice of the Supreme Court and the second African‐American Justice. A conservative, Thomas studied at Holy Cross College and ...
Colin Powell

Colin Powell  

(1937–), twelfth chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS).Born 5 April 1937 in the Harlem section of New York City and raised in the South Bronx, Colin L. ...
collective security

collective security  

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Law
The centralized system of international rules, now embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, that governs the collective resort to force under the authority of the United Nations for the purpose ...

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