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Martin Buber

(1878—1965) Israeli religious philosopher, born in Austria

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Abraham Joshua Heschel

Abraham Joshua Heschel  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Religious philosopher (1907–72). Heschel was descended on both his father's and mother's side from a long line of Hasidic Zaddikim. Heschel himself seemed destined to occupy the role of a Hasidic ...
Albrecht Goes

Albrecht Goes  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(Langenbeutingen, Württemberg, 1908–2000),a pastor's son, became himself a Lutheran pastor in Württemberg. He was an army chaplain during the 1939–45 War, and afterwards continued as a parish priest ...
Emil Brunner

Emil Brunner  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1889–1966), Swiss dialectical theologian. From 1922 to 1953 he taught mainly at Zurich. He supported K. Barth in opposing theological liberalism, but he was sharply divided from him by the influence ...
existentialism

existentialism  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A philosophical theory or approach which emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.
Franz Rosenzweig

Franz Rosenzweig  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Influential German Jewish existentialist thinker (1886–1929). Rosenzweig's parents belonged to an assimilated Jewish family with little attachment to Judaism or Jewish life. He himself, although ...
Friedenspreis des deutschen Buchhandels

Friedenspreis des deutschen Buchhandels  

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Overview Page
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Literature
International peace award established in 1949. Each year, during the Frankfurt Book Fair, the Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels awards a prize of €25,000 to individuals who further the cause of ...
Friedrich Gogarten

Friedrich Gogarten  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1887–1967),Protestant theologian. A native of Dortmund, he became pastor at Stelzendorf in Thuringia in 1917 and at Dorndorf in 1925. From 1931 to 1935 he was Professor of Systematic ...
God

God  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Buddhism is atheistic and does not believe in the existence of a Supreme Being or Creator God. However, it acknowledges the existence of a wide range of supernatural beings known as devas.many of ...
Hans Urs von Balthasar

Hans Urs von Balthasar  

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Religion
(1905–88), Swiss theologian. In 1929 he became a Jesuit. From 1940 to 1948 he was university chaplain at Basle. Here he met Adrienne von Speyr, a medical doctor and mystic; he became the amanuensis ...
Hasidism

Hasidism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A mystical Jewish movement founded in Poland in the 18th century in reaction to the rigid academicism of rabbinical Judaism. The movement, which emphasized the importance of religious enthusiasm, had ...
Holocaust

Holocaust  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The term denotes a victim who has been burnt completely. It is used to describe the Nazi genocide of the Jewish people in concentration camps such as Auschwitz during World War II.
I and thou

I and thou  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A notion heralded in Feuerbach, but especially deployed by the religious thinker Buber, emphasizing the interpersonal dialogue between God and man. The conception of this dialogue opposes it both to ...
I–Thou

I–Thou  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A distinction in ways of knowing, emphasized by M. Buber: in the personal relationship, one subject, I, encounters or meets another subject, Thou; in connection with things, the subject observes ...
Karl Heim

Karl Heim  

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Religion
(1874–1958), Lutheran theologian. In 1920 he became a professor at Tübingen. He was a leading opponent of the (pagan) German Faith Movement. In theology he stressed the contrast of faith and reason ...
Nehemiah Nobel

Nehemiah Nobel  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1871–1922), Orthodox rabbi and Zionist leader in Germany. A Hungarian-born graduate of the Berlin Rabbinical Seminary, he acquired a broad academic education and later studied under Hermann Cohen in ...
Neo-Hasidism

Neo-Hasidism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The application of Hasidic values and teachings to the lives of non-Hasidic, and even non-observant, Jews. Among the first Jews in the West to find inspiration in Hasidism was Martin ...
philosophy of religion

philosophy of religion  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The attempt to understand the concepts involved in religious belief: existence, necessity, fate, creation, sin, justice, mercy, redemption, God. Until the 20th century the history of western ...
Proofs for the Existence of God

Proofs for the Existence of God  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The possibility, the necessity, and the desirability of providing rational proofs for the existence of God have been permanent themes of theology. The Bible takes the existence of God for ...
Richard Beer-Hofmann

Richard Beer-Hofmann  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(Vienna, 1866–1945, New York),a well-to-do Viennese of Jewish descent, was a friend of H. von Hofmannsthal and A. Schnitzler. He emigrated to the USA on the German invasion of ...
Samuel Hugo Bergman

Samuel Hugo Bergman  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1883–1975), Israeli philosopher and educator. A native of Prague, he was influenced by the teachings of Aḥad ha-ʿAm and Martin Buber and regarded the cultural renaissance sponsored by Zionism not ...

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