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Brownshirt

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blackshirt

blackshirt  

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Overview Page
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History
The colloquial name given to the Squadre d'Azione (Action Squad), the national combat groups, founded in Italy in 1919. Organized along paramilitary lines, they wore black shirts and patrolled cities ...
Brownshirt

Brownshirt   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
a member of a Nazi militia founded by Hitler in Munich in 1921, with brown uniforms resembling those of Mussolini's Blackshirts. They aided Hitler's rise to power, but were eclipsed by the ... More
Franz von Papen

Franz von Papen  

(1879–1969)German politician. A member of the Catholic Centre Party, he had little popular following, and his appointment as Chancellor (1932) came as a surprise. To gain Nazi support he lifted the ...
Munich Putsch

Munich Putsch  

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Overview Page
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History
(8 November 1923)An abortive rebellion by German Nazis. In a beer-hall in Munich a meeting of right-wing politicians, who had gathered to denounce the Weimar Republic and to call for the restitution ...
Night of the Long Knives

Night of the Long Knives  

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Overview Page
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History
(29–30 June 1934)The name coined by Hitler for a weekend of murders throughout Germany. It followed a secret deal between himself and units of his personal bodyguard, the SS. Precise details remain ...

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