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Gwendolyn Brooks

(1917—2000)

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African American literature

African American literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The body of writing or performed art produced by African slaves and their descendants in America. One of its earliest forms was the slave narrative where the author describes the ...
Alice Walker

Alice Walker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1944– )Black US novelist and poet whose writing explores racial and sexual politics as they affect African-American women.Born into a family of sharecroppers in Eatonton, Georgia, Alice Walker ...
Anne Spencer

Anne Spencer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1882–1975), poet, librarian, community activist,and muse and confidante to Harlem Renaissance intellectuals and literati. Anne Spencer was born inauspiciously on a Virginia plantation. Yet the ...
Annie Allen

Annie Allen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The second book of poems by Gwendolyn Brooks, Annie Allen (1949) won the Eunice Tietjens Prize offered by Poetry Magazine and the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for poetry.The collection is dominated by a long ...
Askia M. Touré

Askia M. Touré  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1938), poet, community activist, lecturer, and educator.Askia M. Touré, in his multifaceted roles as poet, community activist, lecturer, and educator, is recognized as one of the original ...
Ba-Ad Woman

Ba-Ad Woman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
This is a two-word phrase in which pronunciation obviously conveys attitude. “Ba-ad woman” is used to denote black women who do not conform to the mores of their communities and ...
Bill Knott

Bill Knott  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1940– ),was born in Michigan, and spent some of his childhood on a Michigan farm. His mother died when he was 6, his father when he was 11, and he ...
Black Aesthetic

Black Aesthetic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The foundations of the black aesthetic can be traced back to the nineteenth century and to a tradition of earlier writings, social and cultural movements, and literary manifestos extending into ...
Black Arts Movement

Black Arts Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Founded in Harlem in the mid‐1960s by Amiri Baraka and promoted by Larry Neal (1937–81), the movement supported cultural separatism and the Black Power movement, and sought to devise a ...
Bronzeville Boys and Girls

Bronzeville Boys and Girls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Often overlooked in analyses of the career of Gwendolyn Brooks are her works for children. As a result of her own childhood filled with books, she is committed not only to the importance of reading ...
Calvin Forbes

Calvin Forbes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b.1945), poet, lecturer, and educator.Calvin Forbes was born the seventh of eight children in Newark, New Jersey, to Jacob and Mary Short Forbes. He was the first of the six boys in his family to ...
Carolyn M. Rodgers

Carolyn M. Rodgers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1945–2010), poet, short-fiction writer, literary critic, and lecturer.A Chicago native, Carolyn Marie Rodgers was influenced artistically in young adulthood by Gwendolyn Brooks and by the ...
Chicago Renaissance

Chicago Renaissance  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An important step toward adequate recognition of black women writers, the Chicago Renaissance has attained increasing acceptance as a center of African-American culture between the end of the Harlem ...
Don't Cry, Scream

Don't Cry, Scream  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Published in 1969 by Haki R. Madhubuti's Third World Press, Don’t Cry, Scream is his third collection of poetry and begins with an introduction by Gwendolyn Brooks. Brooks addresses the most ...
Dorothy West

Dorothy West  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1912–1998),American novelist, born in Boston, the daughter of a successful black businessman; she was educated at the city's Girls' Latin School and studied journalism at Columbia University. Her ...
Etheridge Knight

Etheridge Knight  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1931–1991), poet.In the life and work of Etheridge Knight, the theme of prisons imposed from without (slavery, racism, poverty, incarceration) and prisons from within (addiction, repetition of ...
For My People

For My People  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Although Margaret Walker has published three volumes of poetry since the 1970s—Prophets for a New Day (1970), October Journey (1973), and This Is My Century (1989)—her reputation as one of the most ...
Haki R. Madhubuti

Haki R. Madhubuti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1942– ),was born Don L. Lee in Little Rock, Arkansas, and raised in the ‘black bottom’ of Detroit, Michigan. His early life was difficult: his father deserted the family when ...
Hoyt Fuller

Hoyt Fuller  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1923–1981), editor, critic, and leading figure of the Black Arts movement.Born in Atlanta but reared in Detroit where he graduated from Wayne State University, Hoyt Fuller embarked on a career in ...
In the Mecca

In the Mecca  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
It is perhaps ironic that In the Mecca (1968), Gwendolyn Brooks's first overt attack on Chicago, appeared in the same year that she was appointed poet laureate of Illinois. The Mecca was one of the ...

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