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Afghanistan

Afghanistan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Still a battleground between the Taliban and government and NATO forces.Afghanistan is a largely mountainous country: more than half the territory is above 2,000 metres. Its central highlands are the ...
Agadir

Agadir  

A port in Morocco which became the focus of the second Moroccan crisis (July–November 1911). In response to the French occupation of the Moroccan city of Fez, which broke the agreement over Moroccan ...
Aid policy

Aid policy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Provision by Australia of foreign aid to developing countries is largely a post‐1945 phenomenon. Foreign aid falls under the purview of the minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, assisted by ...
Allied Powers

Allied Powers  

A term for the co-belligerents who fought against the Central and Axis Powers in World War I and World War II respectively. Strictly speaking, in World War I the Allies comprised those countries who ...
Anglicanism

Anglicanism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Of, relating to, or denoting the Church of England or any Church in communion with it. The name comes (in the early 17th century) from medieval Latin Anglicanus (its adoption suggested by Anglicana ...
Australia

Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchyAustralia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest island—is dominated by a ...
Australian Natives Association

Australian Natives Association  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Was a benefit society formed in Melbourne in 1871, with membership restricted to men born in Australia. It depicted itself as a national organisation since it ignored old-world ethnic divisions ...
Australian Settlement

Australian Settlement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The concept of an Australian Settlement has increasingly come into use as a way of framing political history and Australian political thought. Although the range, character and significance of a ...
Balfour Report

Balfour Report  

,1926.At the 1926 Imperial Conference, the Committee on Inter-Imperial Relations, chaired by former British prime minister Arthur J. Balfour, was given the challenge of updating the relationship ...
Belgium

Belgium  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Belgium has conflicts between its language communities and has been shaken by political scandalsBelgium has three main geographical regions running from north-west to south-east. From the sand-dunes ...
Britain–Australia

Britain–Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Beyond the well-worn caricatures that depict an impatient youth pulling relentlessly at mother's apron-strings, the Australia–Britain relationship is a study in the complex interplay between ...
British Broadcasting Corporation

British Broadcasting Corporation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(BBC)The development of television in the 1960s led to the Corporation becoming a commercial publisher. The BBC has published a variety of bestsellers—including Kenneth Clark’s Civilisation (1969, ...
British connection

British connection  

The ties between Great Britain and Canada go back to John Cabot and the subsequent establishment of the first English colonies in Newfoundland in the early 17th century. From 1763 ...
Burma campaigns

Burma campaigns  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(January 1942–August 1945)In 1942 two Japanese divisions advanced into Burma (now Myanmar), accompanied by the Burma National Army of Aung San, capturing Rangoon, and forcing the British garrison to ...
Canada

Canada  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An increasingly multicultural population largely free from racial tensionCanada is, after Russia, the world's second largest country, though much is barren and sparsely populated. The more remote ...
Canada–Australia

Canada–Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The titles of several recent historical examinations of the Canadian–Australian relationship convey ideas of separation and detachment: ‘parties long estranged’, ‘distant ally’, and ‘parallel paths’. ...
chambers of commerce

chambers of commerce  

In the UK, a voluntary organization, existing in most towns, of commercial, industrial, and trading businessmen who represent their joint interests to local and central government. The London Chamber ...
Civics

Civics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Civics is the component of the school curriculum that seeks to develop knowledge, skills, and attitudes about the political life of a society. It draws on the disciplines of political ...
Commonwealth

Commonwealth  

The term ‘Imperial Commonwealth’ was first used formally during the First World War to refer collectively to Britain and the self-governing dominions of the British Empire. After the war, Canada ...
Commonwealth–state relations

Commonwealth–state relations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Cover a broad range of associations, agreements, and institutional arrangements for carrying on the complex business of governing in a federal system. The constitution provides the basic skeleton of ...

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