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Donato Bramante

(c. 1444—1514) Italian architect

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Alessandro Pasqualini

Alessandro Pasqualini  

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(1493–1559).Bolognese architect. He designed the tower of IJsselstein Church, near Utrecht, The Netherlands (1532–5), with its vertical sequence of Orders. The Residenz (Seat of the Court) at Jülich ...
Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio  

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(1508–80).One of the most gifted, professional, and intelligent of architects working in Italy in C16, whose work provided the models for the Palladian style (Palladianism) and had a profound effect ...
Andrea Sansovino

Andrea Sansovino  

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(b Monte San Savino, nr. Arezzo, c.1467/70; d Monte San Savino, Mar./Apr. 1529).Italian sculptor and architect, named after his birthplace. He called himself a Florentine, but although much of his ...
Antonio da Sangallo, the Elder

Antonio da Sangallo, the Elder  

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(c. 1430–1534).Florentine Renaissance architect, military engineer, and sculptor, also known as Antonio di Francesco di Bartolo Giamberti. The son of the wood-carver and decorator Francesco Giamberti ...
Antonio da Sangallo, the Younger

Antonio da Sangallo, the Younger  

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(1484–1546).Also known as Antonio Cordiani, he was born in Florence and became one of the most distinguished architects of the High Renaissance in Rome in the second quarter of C16 after the death of ...
Baldassare Peruzzi

Baldassare Peruzzi  

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(1481–1536).Italian uomo universale of the High Renaissance, influenced by Bramante and Raphael. His first great building was the Palazzo della Farnesina, Rome (1505–11), an exquisite house ...
Bartolomeo Suardi

Bartolomeo Suardi  

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(c. 1465–1530).Milanese painter and architect. He was influenced by Bramante and Leonardo da Vinci, and worked in Rome (1508–13) where he studied antiquities. He later made a study of old buildings ...
Beatrice d' Este

Beatrice d' Este  

(1475–97),Duchess of Milan, the second daughter of Duke Ercole I d' Este of Ferrara and Eleanor of Aragon, and the younger sister of Isabella d' Este, with whom she ...
Belvedere Court

Belvedere Court  

A Vatican court (built 1503–15) designed by Bramante to link St Peter's with the Villa Belvedere (which no longer exists). The original dimensions of the vast court were c.300 × ...
Bramantino

Bramantino  

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(b ?Milan, c.1460; d Milan, 1530).Milanese painter and architect, a follower of Bramante, from whom he takes his nickname (meaning ‘little Bramante’). He was appointed court painter and architect to ...
Carlo Maderno

Carlo Maderno  

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 (c.1556–1629) Italian architect and engineer.His was a bright talent in a very dull period for Roman architecture (roughly 1570–1620), though he often worked under considerable constraints.The ...
Cola da Caprarola

Cola da Caprarola  

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(fl. 1494–1518).Italian architect. He worked with Sangallo the Elder on the Papal palace and fortifications of La Rocca, Cività Castellana (1494–1500), and carried out other works on the ...
Cornelis Floris

Cornelis Floris  

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(1514–75).Cornelis Floris II or Floris de Vriendt was born in Antwerp, and made his name as a designer and sculptor of funerary monuments, notably those of King Christian III (reigned 1535–59) of ...
Diego de Siloé

Diego de Siloé  

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(c. 1490–1563).Spanish Renaissance architect and sculptor of Flemish descent. He travelled in Italy before returning to Burgos in 1519 where he designed a number of works including the symmetrical ...
Diogo de Torralva

Diogo de Torralva  

(c. 1500–c.66).Portuguese architect, perhaps of Spanish extraction. The son-in-law of Arruda, he nevertheless moved away from the Manueline style to a more Italian Renaissance manner, as in the great ...
Domenico Fontana

Domenico Fontana  

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(1543–1607).Architect and engineer, born in the Ticino, Switzerland. He settled in Rome, where he worked for Cardinal Montalto, the future Pope Sixtus V (1585–90), for whom he designed the villa on ...
drawing, architectural

drawing, architectural  

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Drawings allow an architect to visualize a design for a building in form and dimension and to communicate this idea to a client and to the builder. Since scale and ...
façade

façade  

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External face or elevation of a building, especially the principal front.
Filarete

Filarete  

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(b ?Florence, c.1400; d ?Rome, c.1470).Florentine sculptor, architect, and writer on art. His nickname, which he adopted late in life, is derived from the Greek for ‘lover of virtue’. He probably ...
Francesco Primaticcio

Francesco Primaticcio  

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(1504–70).Italian painter, draughtsman, stuccoist, and architect, who with Rosso Fiorentino and Cellini carried the Italian Mannerist style to France, where he was one of the leading artists of the ...

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