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Allerød

Allerød  

A north-west European interstadial, from c.12 000 to 10 800 years bp; in Britain not usually distinct from the Bølling. Pollen records point to a cool temperate flora, with birch. See Willard et al. ...
Atlantic Period

Atlantic Period  

In north-west Europe, the period from around 7 500 to 5 000 years bp of wet, oceanic climate, when temperatures were warmer than at present. See Uścinowicz et al. (2007) GSA Special Paper 426 on ...
Bølling

Bølling  

The mild Bølling–Allerød interstadials began c.13 000, and ended between 12 800 and 12 300 years bp (Brauer (2002) Quat. Int. 88). In Britain the Bølling is not usually distinguished from the Allerød.
Boreal

Boreal  

A division of the Flandrian, c.10 000–8 000 years bp.
BP

BP   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
130 words
[Ab] Before Present. A term widely used by Quaternary geologists and archaeologists with reference to radiocarbon ages and results from other radiometric dating techniques. The ... More
bristlecone pine

bristlecone pine  

Two pine species from California which are famous for their longevity and have been used to develop an exceptionally long, arid-site, tree-ring chronology. The oldest living specimens date back more ...
Devensian

Devensian  

The last glacial advance in N. Europe, approximately 70 000–10 000 years bp. It is approximately synchronous with the Wisconsinian glaciation in N. America.
Flandrian

Flandrian  

The present interglacial, during which there has been a global rise in sea level—the Flandrian transgression, caused by the melting of ice sheets and glaciers (Smith et al. (2006) ESPL 8, 5). The ...
landnam

landnam  

A local phase of forest clearance by humans during prehistory, detected in pollen diagrams, and indicating brief agricultural use which was often followed by abandonment and then natural regeneration ...
late glacial

late glacial  

A term usually applied to the time between the first rise of the temperature curve after the last minimum of the Devensian glaciation, and the very rapid rise of temperature that marks the beginning ...
Loch Lomond Stadial

Loch Lomond Stadial  

A stadial characterized by small ice caps and cirque glaciers in the Scottish Highlands. See Sissons (1979) Nature 280.
pre-Boreal

pre-Boreal  

A warmer division of the Flandrian. For the rapid climate change at the Younger Dryas-Pre-Boreal transition, see Starkel (2003) Glob. & Planet. Change 35, 1.
Windermere Interstadial

Windermere Interstadial  

An interstadial of about 13 000 to 11 000 years bp, including the Bølling, Older Dryas, and Allerød chronozones of Scandinavia. See Holloway et al. (2002) Scot. J. Geol. 38, 4.

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