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books, Greek and Roman

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alphabet

alphabet  

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Overview Page
1. A particular sequential arrangement of a set of letters or other graphic symbols used to write a language in which these graphemes are used to represent the basic speech sounds or phonemes.2. A ...
ancient scholarship

ancient scholarship  

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Overview Page
GreekIn one sense of the term, scholarship began when literature became a central element of education and the prescribed texts had to be explained and interpreted to pupils in a class. An early ...
Books

Books   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,335 words
Illustration(s):
1

Books in the form of rolls (“bookrolls”) were the norm for Greek and, later, Roman literary texts from the beginning

books, Greek and Roman

books, Greek and Roman   Reference library

Herwig Maehler

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,827 words

Books existed in *Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and ...

Byblos

Byblos  

An ancient Mediterranean seaport, situated on the site of modern Jebeil, to the north of Beirut in Lebanon. An important trading centre with strong links with Egypt, it became a thriving Phoenician ...
codex

codex  

An ancient manuscript text in book form. The word comes (in the late 16th century, denoting a collection of statutes or set of rules) from Latin, literally ‘block of wood’, later denoting a block ...
Greek letters

Greek letters  

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Overview Page
Letters in the Greek world could be written on metal, wax-coated wood, fragments of earthenware, animal skin, and (above all) papyrus (see books, Greek and Roman); a very early surviving ...
Greek Literacy

Greek Literacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Greek literacy cannot be understood in isolation, but only in the context of earlier forms of literacy. Literacy, hard to define, always refers to the ability to decode marks on a surface that refer ...
Greek papyrology

Greek papyrology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Papyrus, manufactured in Egypt from a marsh plant, Cyperus papyrus (see books, greek and roman), was the most widely used writing material in the Graeco‐Roman world. The object of papyrology is to ...
libraries

libraries  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
By the end of the 5th cent. bc, books were no rarity, even if some regarded them as a fad of intellectuals like Euripides; Athens had booksellers, and exports reached the Black (Euxine) Sea. ...
palaeography

palaeography  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Is the study of the history of writing upon papyrus (see papyrology), wax, parchment, and paper, while epigraphy deals with inscriptions carved in hard materials; from it we learn how to read old ...
reading

reading  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The process of making sense of a text. While the term ‘reading’ appears to be graphocentric and logocentric beyond its application to written verbal texts, it is applied more broadly in semiotics to ...
record

record  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The documents constituting an authentic account of the proceedings before a court, including the claim form or other originating process, the statements of case, and the judgment or order, but ...
Roman Literacy

Roman Literacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Greeks traded extensively with the Etruscans in Italy, and the movement of the alphabet from Greece to Etruria, and from Etruria to Rome, was swift. Inscriptions from as early ...
Varro

Varro  

Reference type:
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(RE 84, Suppl. 6) (116–27 bc),was born at Reate, in the Sabine territory (see Sabini) north-east of Rome. After studying at Rome with L. Aelius, the first true scholar ...
Writing Materials

Writing Materials  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In antiquity a great variety of materials supported writing—for instance, lead, linen, or palm leaves—but the most widely surviving materials are papyrus, parchment, ostraca (potsherds), and wooden ...

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