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Bontemps, Arna

(1902—1973)

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Confessions of Nat Turner

Confessions of Nat Turner  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Novel by William Styron, published in 1967 and awarded a Pulitzer Prize. It stirred much controversy, mainly from blacks, who considered the interpretation of Turner to be inaccurate.Told in the ...
Countee Cullen

Countee Cullen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1903–46)African American poet, who was an important figure in the Harlem Renaissance. His first collection, Colour (1925), celebrated blackness and a second, The Black Christ (1929), caused some ...
Effie Lee Newsome

Effie Lee Newsome  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1885–1979), children's poet, short fiction writer, and editor of a literary column for children in the Crisis from 1925 to 1929.Effie Lee Newsome (born Mary Effie Lee) was an important link between ...
Federal Writers' Project

Federal Writers' Project  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Operated (1935–39) by the Works Progress Administration as a measure for the relief of unemployed writers, journalists, editors, and research workers. Directed by Henry G. Alsberg, the Project ...
Fenton Johnson

Fenton Johnson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1888–1958), poet, essayist, author of short stories, editor, and educator,who created works that foreshadowed the Harlem Renaissance. Fenton Johnson's first poetry appeared in 1913, and his last was ...
Frank Yerby

Frank Yerby  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1916–91),Georgiaborn African-American author, after receiving an M.A. from Fisk (1938) taught briefly at Southern universities but concentrated on the writing of historical romances after the great ...
God Sends Sunday

God Sends Sunday  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A novel by Arna Bontemps, God Sends Sunday was published in 1931. According to local legend, Little Augie, born with a caul over his face, is blessed with the double gifts of luck and clair-voyance, ...
Haki R. Madhubuti

Haki R. Madhubuti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1942– ),was born Don L. Lee in Little Rock, Arkansas, and raised in the ‘black bottom’ of Detroit, Michigan. His early life was difficult: his father deserted the family when ...
Katherine Dunham

Katherine Dunham  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b Chicago, 22 Jun. 1912; d New York, 21 May 2006)US dancer, teacher, choreographer, and director who helped establish African-American dance as an international theatre form. She studied ...
Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1902–67)African American writer, born in Joplin, Missouri, who lived in Harlem after 1947. A leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance, Hughes applied blues and jazz techniques in his poetry ...
Margaret Walker

Margaret Walker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1915–1998),African-American poet and novelist, born in Birmingham, Alabama, educated at Northwestern University and the University of Iowa. She began her academic career at Livingstone College, ...
Martin Robison Delany

Martin Robison Delany  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1812–85),free-born black of the present West Virginia, who published a newspaper in Pittsburgh, assisted Frederick Douglass with his journal, attended Harvard Medical School for a year before ...
Popo and Fifina

Popo and Fifina  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A juvenile novel by Arna Bontemps and Langston Hughes with illustrations by E. Simms Campbell, Popo and Fifina: Children of Haiti was published in 1932. Papa Jean and Mamma Anna, peasant farmers ...
Ralph Ellison

Ralph Ellison  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1914–1994),Oklahoma-born author, a student at Tuskegee Institute (1933–36), has been a visiting professor of creative writing, black culture, and humanities at various major universities, but is ...
Samuel W. Allen

Samuel W. Allen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1917), poet, educator, translator, and lawyer.Born in Columbus, Ohio, Samuel Allen (also known as Paul Vesey) studied creative writing under James Weldon Johnson at Fisk where he graduated magna ...
Sarah Webster Fabio

Sarah Webster Fabio  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1928–1979), poet, educator,and leading figure and pioneer in the Black Studies and Black Arts movements. Born in Nashville, Tennessee, on 20 January 1928, Sarah Webster Fabio was the precocious ...
Ted Joans

Ted Joans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1928–2003), poet, multimedia performer, musician, painter, surrealist, traveling storyteller, Beat writer, and Black Nationalist Manifesto writer.Ted Joans was born in Cairo, Illinois, on 4 July ...
Toussaint Louverture

Toussaint Louverture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1743–1803)Addressed in a sonnet by William Wordsworth, the leader of a slave revolt which began in 1791 in the French colony of Saint‐Domingue and which has been acclaimed as ...
Wallace Thurman

Wallace Thurman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 16 August 1902; d. 22 December 1934),writer and editor. Born in Salt Lake City, Utah, Wallace Thurman had to cover a lot of ground before he arrived in ...

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