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Simón Bolívar

(1783—1830) Venezuelan patriot and statesman

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Andrés Bello

Andrés Bello  

(1781–1865), Venezuelan essayist, philologist, linguist, jurist, literary critic, professor, statesman, poet, and translator. Andrés Bello was born in Caracas, Venezuela, on 29 November 1781. He is ...
Antonio José de Sucre

Antonio José de Sucre  

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(1795–1830)Venezuelan revolutionary and statesman, President of Bolivia (1826–28). Sucre served as Simón Bolívar's Chief of Staff, liberating Ecuador (1822), Peru (1824), and Bolivia (1825) from the ...
battle of Carabobo

battle of Carabobo  

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(24 June 1821),one of the most important battles of the Latin American wars of independence, which decided the fate of the northern Spanish settlements. In 1820 a new Liberal ...
Bolivia

Bolivia  

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History
A landlocked country of central South America. It is bounded by Brazil and Paraguay to the north and east, Argentina to the south, and Peru and Chile to the west.Physical.In the south-west is a great ...
Caracas

Caracas  

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Capital of Venezuela, on the River Guaire. Caracas was under Spanish rule until 1821. It was the birthplace of Simón Bolívar. The city grew after 1930, encouraged by the exploitation ...
Colombia

Colombia  

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History
A country in the extreme north-west of the South American continent, the only South American country with coasts on both the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans, separated by the isthmus of Panama. To ...
Francisco Miranda

Francisco Miranda  

(1750–1816)South American revolutionary. He was a Creole born in Caracas, who received a commission in the Spanish army and fought against the British in Florida and the West Indies during the ...
José Antonio Páez

José Antonio Páez  

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History
(1790–1873)Venezuelan revolutionary and statesman. He was a leader of Venezuela's movement for independence, controlling (1810–19) a band of Llaneros (plainsmen) in guerrilla warfare against the ...
José de San Martín

José de San Martín  

(1778–1850)Argentinian soldier and statesman. Having assisted in the liberation of his country from Spanish rule (1812–13) he went on to aid Bernardo O'Higgins in the liberation of Chile (1817–18). ...
Latin America

Latin America  

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1. Diversity of traditionsLatin America, with a population of over 340 million, stretches from Mexico and Cuba south to Cape Horn. In general, Latin American music can be said ...
Peru

Peru  

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History
Peru has returned to democracy but now needs to find ways to cut povertyPeru's striking terrain falls into three well-defined zones. The Pacific coastal region is a long strip of desert, broken only ...
Spanish–South American Wars of Independence

Spanish–South American Wars of Independence  

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History
(1810–25).The roots of the wars of independence are to be found in the attempts made by Spain after 1765 to re-establish imperial control over its American colonies (see Spanish empire). This was ...
Venezuela

Venezuela  

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A country on the north coast of South America, with a coastline on the Caribbean Sea. It is bounded by Colombia on the west, Brazil on the south, and Guyana on the east.Physical.The island-fringed ...

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