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Adonis complex

Adonis complex  

Anxiety and insecurity experienced by boys and men about their appearance or body images. In extreme cases, the complex can meet the criteria of body dysmorphic disorder. The term was introduced in ...
animal consciousness

animal consciousness  

Consciousness has periodically been a pressing issue in the scientific study of non‐human animals, and we are currently in one of these periods. As with humans, discussions of consciousness in ...
association area

association area  

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An area of cerebral cortex that lies away from the main areas that are concerned with the reception of sensory impulses and the start of motor impulses but is linked to them by many neurons known as ...
depersonalization

depersonalization  

A feeling of emotional detachment or estrangement from the perception of self, as if one were acting in a play or observing one's physical and mental activities from without. If it causes clinically ...
Gerstmann syndrome

Gerstmann syndrome  

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A neurological disorder characterized by left-right disorientation, agraphia, acalculia, and finger agnosia, generally associated with lesions in the parietal lobe of the dominant cerebral ...
hallucination

hallucination  

n. a false perception of something that is not really there. Hallucinations may be visual, auditory, tactile, gustatory (of taste), or olfactory (of smell). They may be provoked by mental illness ...
hypnosis

hypnosis  

n. a sleeplike state, artificially induced in a person by a hypnotist, in which the mind is more than usually receptive to suggestion and memories of past events – apparently forgotten – may be ...
image

image  

1 The representation of an object that is produced when electromagnetic radiation passes through it or is reflected from it. Visible images are formed when light impinges on the retina, and various ...
mental model

mental model  

An internal representation having—in some abstract sense—the same structure as the aspect or portion of external reality that it represents, such as the 3-D model description that the English ...
out-of-body experience

out-of-body experience  

A form of derealization in which there is a sensation of leaving one’s body, sometimes accompanied by visions of travel. It typically occurs after anaesthesia or severe illness and is often ...
pain

pain  

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Severe physical or mental discomfort or distress. Pain of a physical origin arises through detection of noxious stimuli or tissue injury by specific sensory neurons in the affected part of the body, ...
phantom limb

phantom limb  

An illusory sensation, experienced by an amputee, of the limb still being attached to the body, even when all sensory nerve fibres associated with the limb have been removed. It is experienced by ...
rubber hand illusion

rubber hand illusion  

People can be induced to have the experience that a rubber hand is their own hand. This is achieved by brushing a visible rubber hand and synchronously brushing a participant's ...
schema

schema  

A plan, diagram, or outline, especially a mental representation of some aspect of experience, based on prior experience and memory, structured in such a way as to facilitate (and sometimes to ...
self-concept

self-concept  

All the elements which make up a person's self. Self-concept represents how a person sees himself or herself and is thought to have three components: ideal self (the person one would like to be); ...

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