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Bithynia

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Amisus

Amisus  

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A 6th-cent. colony of Miletus or Phocaea, was built on a peninsula site on the Black Sea coast, the best harbour between Sinope and Trapezus, at the head of a ...
Amycus

Amycus  

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In mythology, king of the Bebryces, a savage people of Bithynia. He was of gigantic strength and compelled all comers to the land to box with him, the loser to ...
Arrian

Arrian  

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c. ad 86–160.Born in Nicomedia, he held local office and pursued studies with Epictetus, whose lectures he later published. In Greece between 108 and 112 he attracted the friendship of Hadrian, who ...
Asclepiades

Asclepiades  

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Of Myrleia in Bithynia (1st cent. bc), worked in Spain, and wrote on the history of Bithynia, and of scholarship; on Homer and Theocritus; and, as Atticist analogist, Περὶ ὄρθογραφίας ...
Asia Minor

Asia Minor  

The term ‘Asia Minor’ denotes the westernmost part of the Asian continent, equivalent to modern Turkey between the Aegean and the Euphrates. The west and south coastal fringes were part of the ...
Asia, Roman province

Asia, Roman province  

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Attalus III of Pergamum bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans. After his death in 133 bc it was constituted as provincia Asia. Originally it consisted of Mysia, Troas, Aeolis, Lydia, Ionia (see ...
Aurelius Cotta, Marcus

Aurelius Cotta, Marcus  

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(RE 107)brother of the two preceding, as consul 74 bc was sent to defend newly annexed Bithynia against Mithradates VI. Defeated by land and sea near Chalcedon, he was ...
Bapheus

Bapheus  

(Βαφεύς, often incorrectly called Baphaion), site in Bithynia of a crucial battle in which Osman defeated the Byz. army under George Mouzalon on 27 July 1302. By this time, the ...
Black Sea

Black Sea  

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The sea situated on the junction of the trade routes from the east Mediterranean to further north and east. In the early MA most of its coastline belonged to Byzantium. ...
Byzantium

Byzantium  

An ancient Greek city, founded in the 7th century bc, at the southern end of the Bosporus, site of the modern city of Istanbul. It was rebuilt by Constantine the Great in ad 324–30 as Constantinople.
Calpurnia

Calpurnia  

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Third wife of Pliny the Younger, whom she accompanied to Bithynia. She was granddaughter of Calpurnius Fabatus, to whom Pliny excused her miscarriage on grounds of her youth and inexperience. His ...
Cassius Dio

Cassius Dio  

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(c. ad 164–after 229),Greek senator and author of an 80‐book history of Rome from the foundation of the city to ad 229. Dio came from a prominent family of Nicaea in Bithynia. He was praetor in 194 ...
Chalcedon

Chalcedon  

(Ξαλκηδών, now Kadıköy), city of Bithynia, located directly across the Bosporos from Constantinople. Chalcedon was permanently overshadowed by the nearby capital, but it did benefit in the 4th and ...
Demosthenes

Demosthenes  

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Of Bithynia, epic poet of unknown date; composed a Bithyniaca in at least ten books.FragmentsFragmente der griechischen Historiker 699;J. U. Powell, Collectanea Alexandrina 25–7.Richard L. Hunter
Dio Cocceianus

Dio Cocceianus  

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Later called Chrysostom (c.ad 40/50—after 110), Greek orator and popular philosopher. Born of wealthy family in Prusa in Bithynia, Dio began a career as a rhetorician at Rome, but soon fell under the ...
Diocletian

Diocletian  

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(245–313),Roman emperor 284–305. Faced with mounting military problems, in 286 he divided the empire between himself in the east and Maximian in the west. Diocletian insisted on the maintenance of ...
Gavius Maximus, Marcus

Gavius Maximus, Marcus  

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Was son of Gavius Bassus, prefect of the Pontic fleet while Pliny (2) was governing Pontus-Bithynia; the family was from Rome but domiciled at Ephesus. Maximus was procurator of Mauretania ...
Greek epigraphy

Greek epigraphy  

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The study of inscriptions engraved on stone or metal in Greek letters. Interest in inscriptions is not a modern phenomenon; in antiquity people studied specific inscriptions. In the early 3rd cent. ...
Helvius Cinna, Gaius

Helvius Cinna, Gaius  

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A friend of Catullus, with whom he was probably in Bithynia in 57/6 bc. Cinna was a ‘learned poet’, of the ‘Alexandrian’ school. His miniature epic Zmyrna, the work of nine years, was a masterpiece ...
Himerius

Himerius  

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(c. ad 310–c. 390),Greek rhetorician. Born in Prusias in Bithynia, he studied in Athens, where he spent most of his life as a successful teacher of rhetoric. He was ...

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