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abortion

abortion  

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated ...
Agnes Smedley

Agnes Smedley  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1892–1950),American writer and reporter, born in North-West Mississippi; she grew up in circumstances of rural poverty. Her autobiographical novel Daughter of Earth (1929)—recognized as a ...
Baby Naming

Baby Naming  

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Overview Page
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Religion
When a boy is born, Jewish tradition mandates that he be welcomed into the covenant of Israel through the act of circumcision on the eighth day after his birth (berit ...
bioethics

bioethics  

(by-oh-eth-iks)an area of applied ethics relating to moral behaviour in the life sciences. Medical ethics is now often considered a subspecialty of bioethics (biomedical ethics).
Biological Sciences.

Biological Sciences.  

The biological sciences encompass a wide range of objects and problems—from cells to whales, from eating to evolution. The degree to which these studies have been perceived as a cohesive ...
celibacy

celibacy  

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Overview Page
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Religion
It is a high religious obligation to marry and have children (see PROCREATION, MARRIAGE, and BIRTH-CONTROL), so that the question of whether it is religiously proper to be celibate is really a ...
Chatelaine

Chatelaine  

1928– .A middle-class women's magazine with a secretly subversive bent, Maclean Hunter's general interest periodical has been a consistent performer. Financially a proven winner for the company, it ...
Chicana Rights Movement

Chicana Rights Movement  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Chicana/o history of resistance and self-determination centers on struggles over land and national boundaries. Ancestors of today's Chicanas/os were members of the many different Indian nations who ...
circumcision

circumcision  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Though circumcision had long been in use as a religious rite among the Jews, it was abandoned at an early date by nearly the whole Church. In St Paul's Epistles ‘the circumcision’ is used ...
contraception

contraception  

(kon-tră-sep-shŏn)the prevention of unwanted pregnancy. See coitus (interruptus), condom, diaphragm, IUCD, IUS, oral contraceptive, postcoital (contraception), rhythm method, ...
courtship and marriage

courtship and marriage  

Most Canadians have affirmed heterosexuality through marriage, although their numbers and the rituals and relationships they have adopted have varied tremendously. Religions and, later, the state ...
demography

demography  

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Overview Page
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History
The statistical study of human populations, including size, structure, and changes.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton  

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Literature
(1815–1902),began her long career for woman's rights at the convention dedicated to this subject in her hometown of Seneca Falls, N.Y., in 1848. Soon thereafter she became the lifelong collaborator ...
Emma Goldman

Emma Goldman  

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Literature
(1869–1940)Anarchist activist, born in Lithuania. She campaigned in the USA for workers' rights, birth control, and other causes. She was deported to Russia in 1919 and in 1931 published her ...
eugenics

eugenics  

The study of methods of improving the quality of human populations by the application of genetic principles. Positive eugenics would seek to do this by selective breeding programmes. Negative ...
family planning

family planning  

1. the use of contraception to limit or space out the numbers of children born to a couple. 2. provision of contraceptive methods within a community or nation. See also genetic counselling.1. the use ...
Fannie Hurst

Fannie Hurst  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1889–1968),born in Ohio, graduated from Washington University (1909), taught school for a time, and moved to New York to begin her literary career. Her first four books were volumes ...
Flora MacDonald Denison

Flora MacDonald Denison  

(b. Feb. 1867, d. 23 May 1921).President of the (Canadian) National Suffrage Association 1911–14 Born in Hastings County, Canada West (later Ontario), she ran a dressmaking business and participated ...
foreign aid

foreign aid  

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Overview Page
The transfer of state resources through loans, grants, or provision of goods, from more to less developed countries, for development or emergency relief purposes. This can be done on a bilateral ...
John Humphrey Noyes

John Humphrey Noyes  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1811–86),born in Vermont, after graduation from Dartmouth (1830) studied theology at Andover and Yale. He lost his license to preach (1834) when he propounded his doctrine of perfectionism, or ...

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