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birth control

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abortion

abortion  

There is no actual prohibition in the Bible against aborting a foetus. Nevertheless, in the unanimously accepted Jewish consensus, abortion is a very serious offence, though foeticide is not treated ...
Agnes Smedley

Agnes Smedley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1892–1950),American writer and reporter, born in North-West Mississippi; she grew up in circumstances of rural poverty. Her autobiographical novel Daughter of Earth (1929)—recognized as a ...
Baby Naming

Baby Naming  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
When a boy is born, Jewish tradition mandates that he be welcomed into the covenant of Israel through the act of circumcision on the eighth day after his birth (berit ...
bioethics

bioethics  

(by-oh-eth-iks)an area of applied ethics relating to moral behaviour in the life sciences. Medical ethics is now often considered a subspecialty of bioethics (biomedical ethics).
Biological Sciences.

Biological Sciences.  

The biological sciences encompass a wide range of objects and problems—from cells to whales, from eating to evolution. The degree to which these studies have been perceived as a cohesive ...
birth control

birth control   Reference library

Science, Technology, and Society

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

This entry includes two subentries

Birth and population control

Birth and population control   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
299 words

In general, religions give to birth the highest possible value. In W. religions, it tends to be seen as a

Birth Control

Birth Control   Reference library

James W. Reed, Robert Y. Eng, Sanjam Ahluwalia, R. Murray Thomas, and Caryn E. Neumann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
5,739 words
Illustration(s):
2

[This entry includes five subentries: an overview and discussions of birth control in East Asia, in South Asia, in Southeast Asia, and in the United States...

birth control

birth control   Reference library

Dianne Dodd

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
442 words
Like other Western, industrialized nations in the 19th century, Canada enacted restrictive contraception legislation in reaction to falling birth rates, associated fears of ‘race suicide’, ... More
BIRTH CONTROL

BIRTH CONTROL   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
641 words
Procreation is the first scriptural commandment (Gn. 1.28), and in Genesis it is incumbent upon both men and women. The rabbis, who view procreation as a time-bound positive commandment ... More
Birth Control

Birth Control   Reference library

Cynthia J. Davis

The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
997 words
The term birth control was coined by feminist Margaret Sanger during her early-twentieth-century crusade to legalize contraception and allow for “planned parenthood.” But while the term ... More
Birth-Control

Birth-Control   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
181 words

The prevention of the birth of unwanted children either by total abstinence from sexual relations or by engaging in them

Birth Control and Contraceptives

Birth Control and Contraceptives   Reference library

Janet Farrell Brodie

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
2,990 words
Illustration(s):
1
Humans have not universally believed that they could control reproduction, but individuals and groups in innumerable societies have reduced fertility by deliberate measures as well as by ... More
Birth Control and Family Planning.

Birth Control and Family Planning.   Reference library

Donald T. Critchlow

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,319 words
Americans have practiced birth control throughout their history. Women in the Colonial Era, relying on centuries-old techniques, used sponges and suppositories to prevent pregnancy. ... More
Birth Control/Contraception

Birth Control/Contraception   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
152 words

In contrast to Christian and Jewish traditions, from earliest times family planning and contraception found acceptance in Islamic tradition. The

celibacy

celibacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
It is a high religious obligation to marry and have children (see PROCREATION, MARRIAGE, and BIRTH-CONTROL), so that the question of whether it is religiously proper to be celibate is really a ...
Chatelaine

Chatelaine  

1928– .A middle-class women's magazine with a secretly subversive bent, Maclean Hunter's general interest periodical has been a consistent performer. Financially a proven winner for the company, it ...
Chicana Rights Movement

Chicana Rights Movement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Chicana/o history of resistance and self-determination centers on struggles over land and national boundaries. Ancestors of today's Chicanas/os were members of the many different Indian nations who ...
circumcision

circumcision  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Though circumcision had long been in use as a religious rite among the Jews, it was abandoned at an early date by nearly the whole Church. In St Paul's Epistles ‘the circumcision’ is used ...
contraception

contraception  

(kon-tră-sep-shŏn)the prevention of unwanted pregnancy. See coitus (interruptus), condom, diaphragm, IUCD, IUS, oral contraceptive, postcoital (contraception), rhythm method, ...

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