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A. J. A. Symons

A. J. A. Symons  

(1900–41),bibliographer, bibliophile, dandy, and epicure, who became an authority on the literature of the 1890s and published An Anthology of ‘Nineties’ Verse in 1928. He wrote several biographies, ...
African-American Publishing Outlets

African-American Publishing Outlets  

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Literature
When Samuel Cornish and John B. Russwurm founded the first black newspaper in 1827, a new phase in the struggle for African-American liberation began. The opening editorial of Freedom's Journal ...
Albert Bigelow Paine

Albert Bigelow Paine  

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Literature
(1861–1937),editor, dramatist, biographer, and author of several novels, is best known for his authorized three-volume biography of Mark Twain (1912) and for his editorship of Twain's letters (1917). ...
André Maurois

André Maurois  

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Literature
1885–1967)French biographer, novelist, and essayist. In 1938 he was elected to the Académie Française.Maurois was born in Elbeuf, Normandy. His father owned a textiles factory, where Maurois worked ...
Angelo Fabroni

Angelo Fabroni  

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Literature
(1732–1803).Florentine who became Dean of Pisa University, and a scholar and Publisher. From a press set up in his house he brought out a Giornale dei letterati (1771–96) and ...
Angelo Fortunato Formiggini

Angelo Fortunato Formiggini  

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Literature
(1878–1938).Publisher. From an old Jewish family in Modena, he was active at the turn of the century in Socialist and positivist circles. He remained committed to publishing as a ...
Anna Banti

Anna Banti  

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Literature
(1895–1985).Novelist born in Florence who studied history of art in Rome, where she met and married the art historian Roberto Longhi. Her last work, Un grido lacerante (1981), presents ...
Antoine-François Prévost, abbé

Antoine-François Prévost, abbé  

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Literature
(1697–1763)French novelist and translator. Successively Jesuit novice, professional soldier, Benedictine priest, Protestant convert, and literary hack, he is best remembered today for Manon Lescaut ...
Antonio Cornazano

Antonio Cornazano  

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Literature
(also Cornazzano; born c.1430 in Piacenza, Italy, died December 1484 in Ferrara), Italian dancing master, theorist, humanist, and statesman. Cornazano came from one of Piacenza's leading noble ...
Ascanio Condivi

Ascanio Condivi  

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(b Ripatransone, nr. San Benedetto, 1525; d nr. Ripatransone, 10 Dec. 1574).Italian painter, sculptor, and writer, a pupil and friend of Michelangelo. He was an insignificant artist and his only ...
autobiography

autobiography  

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Literature
In its modern form, may be taken as writing that purposefully and self‐consciously provides an account of the author's life and incorporates feeling and introspection as well as empirical detail. In ...
Boccaccio

Boccaccio  

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Literature
(1313–75),Italian writer, poet, and humanist. He is most famous for the Decameron (1348–58), a collection of a hundred tales told by ten young people who have moved to the country to escape the Black ...
book

book  

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A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...
Carolyn Heilbrun

Carolyn Heilbrun  

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Literature
(1926–2003).Born in East Orange, New Jersey, Carolyn G. Heilbrun graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Wellesley College (1947). Heilbrun earned her M.A. (1951) and Ph.D. (1959) from Columbia University, ...
case study

case study  

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A research method that engages in the close, detailed examination of a single example or phenomenon. In some instances, it may be a version of ideographic rather than nomothetic investigation—seeking ...
Catherine Owens Peare

Catherine Owens Peare  

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Literature
(1911–), American biographer. A graduate of New Jersey State Teachers College, Peare worked as a stockbroker until 1951. As a freelance writer, she first chose to focus on Albert Einstein ...
Chris Powling

Chris Powling  

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Literature
(1943–), British author, teacher, and lecturer. For many years Powling was the editor of the magazine Books for Keeps, during which time it was awarded the Hans Christian Andersen medal ...
Chris Van Wyk

Chris Van Wyk  

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Literature
(1957–), Soweto-born South African writer of poetry and prose for teenagers. In the early 1980s he received awards for his collection of poems It is Time to Go Home (1979) ...
Christina of Markyate

Christina of Markyate  

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Religion
(c.1097–1161),virgin. Christina came of a noble Anglo-Saxon family in Huntingdon, the daughter of Autti, a rich and influential guild merchant in the town. In 1112, on a visit to St Albans abbey, she ...
Claudio Achillini

Claudio Achillini  

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Literature
(1574–1640).A significant figure in the history of Baroque poetry, he belonged to a dynasty of academics, and was himself a law professor at Bologna—a career interrupted only by two ...

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