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Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The first parents of the human race, whose story is told in the opening chapters of the book of Genesis. There is no doubt that until the nineteenth century Adam and Eve were held to be historical ...
Alcalá de Henares

Alcalá de Henares  

A Spanish town on the river Henares, 30 kilometres (18 miles) north-east of Madrid. In the sixteenth century Alcalá was an important seat of learning: the richly endowed university founded ...
Alexander Cruden

Alexander Cruden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1701–70),a bookseller who in 1737 published his Biblical Concordance.
Alfonso Varano

Alfonso Varano  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1705–88).Ferrarese man of letters. He wrote four tragedies, including a noteworthy Giovanni di Giscala (1754), but was more admired for his Visioni sacre e morali, written in 1749–66. These ...
Alfred Firmin Loisy

Alfred Firmin Loisy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1857–1940).French biblical scholar and RC Modernist. An enthusiastic exponent of the historico-critical study of the Bible, he was dismissed from the Institut Catholique in Paris in 1893. In 1902 ...
allusion

allusion  

An indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place, or artistic work, the nature and relevance of which is not explained by the writer but relies on the reader's familiarity with what is ...
Anan ben David

Anan ben David  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(8th cent. bce).Jewish Babylonian sage, regarded as the founder of Karaism. According to Karaite legend, when the exilarchate of Babylon was bestowed on Anan's younger brother, Anan consequently ...
Angel of Death

Angel of Death  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
God's messenger who brings death to human beings. There is no constant figure of the angel of death in the Bible, but in the Talmud, Satan and the evil inclination are both identified with him. For ...
anthem

anthem  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
The English‐speaking Protestant Churches' equivalent of the Latin motet, from which it sprang. An Anglican creation, with a place in the C of E liturgy. It constitutes in ordinary churches the one ...
Antichrist

Antichrist  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A great personal opponent of Christ, expected by the early Church to appear before the end of the world. The name is recorded from Old English and comes via Old French or ecclesiastical Latin from ...
antiphon

antiphon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(from Gr., ‘sounding across’).1 A versicle or phrase sung by one choir in reply to another.2 In the RC Church the antiphon is intoned or sung during the recitation of Divine Office, before and after ...
Antislavery Press

Antislavery Press  

On 1 January 1831, in Boston, Massachusetts, William Lloyd Garrison launched his weekly antislavery newspaper, the Liberator, and a new phase in the history of the antislavery press was under ...
Antonio Brucioli

Antonio Brucioli  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1490/1500–66).Florentine humanist who studied under Diacceto and was well versed in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew. He attended meetings at the Orti Oricellari [see academies; Rucellai, Bernardo] and was ...
Apocalypse

Apocalypse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The complete final destruction of the world, especially as described in the biblical book of Revelation. The word is recorded from Old English, and comes ultimately, via Old French and ecclesiastical ...
Aquila

Aquila  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A convert from Christianity to Judaism, who made a very literal translation (140 ce) into Greek from the Hebrew of the OT intended to replace the version of the LXX used by the Christians.
Arcangela Tarabotti

Arcangela Tarabotti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1604–52)(pseud. Galerana Baratotti or Barcitotti). Venetian prose writer, advocate of women's liberty and equality, critic of contemporary patriarchy within the family, state, and Church, social ...
Armenian literature

Armenian literature  

Armenian literature begins with the invention of an individual script by Mesrop Mas̆tocʼ (c.360–439). Although familiar with Greek and Syriac, Armenian church leaders needed a written form of ...
Assumption

Assumption  

The reception of the Virgin Mary bodily into heaven, formally declared a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church in 1950. The Feast of the Assumption is celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church on 15 ...
Authorized Version

Authorized Version  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An English translation of the Bible made in 1611 at the order of James I and still widely used, though never formally ‘authorized’. Also called the King James Bible.
Baltimore, Maryland, Slavery In

Baltimore, Maryland, Slavery In  

Although it was by and large a slave city, Baltimore boasted a large free black population, which included Frederick Douglass's wife, Anna Murray, who worked for a postman on the ...

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