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consequentialism

consequentialism  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(kon-si-kwen-shăl-izm)an ethical approach that stresses the importance of taking account of the objective effects or consequences of one's actions on other people and on the overall situation. ...
equipoise

equipoise  

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A condition of uncertainty about the possible benefits or harms of a preventive or therapeutic regimen. In public health and in preventive and clinical medical practice, this is usually an indication ...
four principles

four principles  

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Overview Page
An approach to medical ethics, proposed by Tom Beauchamp and James F. Childress, that identifies four basic tenets of ethical practice, namely: autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. ...
good

good  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
As an adjectival modifier of a noun it is widely accepted that ‘good’ is attributive: a good hammer is so in virtue of different qualities from a good dinner. However, there seems room to say that ...
Hippocratic oath

Hippocratic oath  

(hip-ŏ-krat-ik)an oath that may be taken by a doctor to observe the code of behaviour and practice followed by the Greek physician Hippocrates (460–370bc), called the ‘Father of Medicine’.
nonmaleficence

nonmaleficence  

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The ethical principle of doing no harm, expressed in the ancient medical maxim primum non nocere (first do no harm). Its approximate counterpart in population health is the precautionary principle.
risk–benefit analysis

risk–benefit analysis  

Strictly speaking, an economic analysis in which the direct and indirect costs of an action or intervention are set out in a balance sheet with the economic benefits in the opposing columns, but in ...

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