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Benedictine

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abbess

abbess  

The head of certain autonomous houses of nuns. The title is used among Benedictines, Cistercians, Trappists, Poor Clares, and some canonesses. The earliest known instance is in 514. In the Middle ...
abbey

abbey  

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History
1 [De] A community of monks or nuns ruled by an abbot or abbess.2 [MC] A general term used to describe the buildings inhabited by a community of monks or nuns. See monastery.
Abbey of Beuron

Abbey of Beuron  

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Religion
The mother house of the ‘Beuron Congregation’ of Benedictine monks in Hohenzollern, on the upper Danube. The present abbey was constituted in 1863 and the monastic congregation in 1873, though ...
Abbey of Savigny

Abbey of Savigny  

In Normandy. In 1093 Vitalis of Mortain established a hermitage in the Forest of Savigny. Some of the hermits felt a call to follow the Rule of St Benedict in its primitive strictness, and the abbey ...
abbot

abbot  

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Religion
(Aram., Syr., abba, ‘father’).The head of a Christian monastic community, especially in the Benedictine or Cistercian traditions. The term is used in translation for the head of communities in ...
abstinence

abstinence  

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Religion
The practice of not eating certain foods: see also ASCETICISM; CELIBACY. As a Christian technical term it is distinguished from fasting (eating little or nothing).
Acta Sanctorum Ordinis Sancti Benedicti

Acta Sanctorum Ordinis Sancti Benedicti  

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Religion
The history of the saints of the Benedictine Order, of which J. Mabillon published the first volume in 1668. It was completed in 1701.Vols. 1–3 (pt. 1) repr. by the Benedictines of Solesmes (Mâcon, ...
Adso of Montier-en-der

Adso of Montier-en-der  

(d. 992)*Benedictine abbot and author of Libellus de Antichristo (c.950), which organizes patristic exegesis and legendary beliefs concerning the end of the world into a future ‘life’ of Antichrist ...
Ælfric

Ælfric  

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Literature
(c.945–c.1015), Anglo-Saxon abbot, prose writer, and educator. His works, including sermons, saints' lives, and biblical translations, were intended to teach both monastic novices and laypeople. His ...
Æthelred II

Æthelred II  

Was the son of king Eanred and succeeded him c.840. He was driven out by Raedwulf in 844, but restored later that year, dying c.848. Symeon of Durham reported that he had been murdered. A number of ...
Aimoin of St-Germain-des-Prés

Aimoin of St-Germain-des-Prés  

(d. 889) Monk and hagiographer.Aimoin entered the Benedictine monastery of St-Germain-des-Prés before 845; from 872 he was responsible for the house’s archive and scriptorium. His writings deal with ...
Alban Dold

Alban Dold  

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Religion
(1882–1960), Benedictine scholar. Professed at Beuron in 1903, he worked on liturgical palimpsests; he elaborated new techniques and developed a photographic process for reading difficult texts by ...
ale- and beer-making

ale- and beer-making  

The brewing of ale and beer and the making of bread were intimately related: both began with cereal grains or if necessary the seed of wild grasses, and both relied ...
All Souls' Day

All Souls' Day  

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Religion
The commemoration of the souls of the faithful departed on 2 Nov., the day after All Saints' Day. Its observance became universal through the influence of Odilo of Cluny (d. 1049). In the C of E it ...
amice

amice  

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Religion
A square or oblong linen cloth, with strings attached, which in the W. Church may be worn round the neck by the cele-brant of the Eucharist and by other ministers who wear the alb. See also almuce.
Ampleforth Abbey

Ampleforth Abbey  

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Religion
N. Yorks. An English Benedictine Abbey, founded in 1802 with a nucleus of monks from Dieulouard in Lorraine. The community claims continuity with the Benedictines of Westminster Abbey.
André Wilmart

André Wilmart  

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Religion
(1876–1941),patristic scholar. A native of Orléans, he studied under P. Batiffol, with whom he published the Tractatus Origenis (1900). In 1901 he entered the Benedictine Order at Solesmes and ...
Angelo Calogerà

Angelo Calogerà  

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Literature
(1699–1768).Benedictine monk, who played a leading role in Venetian state censorship of books and also in scholarly journalism. He edited Biblioteca universale (1725–6), Raccolta di opuscoli ...
Angelo Grillo

Angelo Grillo  

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Literature
(c. 1560–1629).A member of an important Genoese family, he became a Benedictine at an early age, moving from monastery to monastery across Italy, and rising to be abbot of ...
Anglo-Saxon art and architecture

Anglo-Saxon art and architecture  

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Now only survives fragmentarily and even what remains is not necessarily representative of what once existed. Our view of architecture, for example, is distorted by the near-total loss of all ...

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