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Peter Behrens

(1868—1940) German architect and designer

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AEG

AEG  

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(Allgemeine Elektrizitäts Gesellschaft) (established 1883)AEG was originally founded as the Deutsche Edison Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektrizitäts (DEG) by engineer Emil Rathenau two years after ...
Auguste Perret

Auguste Perret  

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(1874–1954).French architect and building contractor. He and his brothers Gustave (1876–1952) and Claude (1880–1960) were among the first to exploit the architectural possibilities of reinforced ...
Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Charles Rennie Mackintosh  

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(1868–1928)British architect, who is considered an important figure in the evolution of modern architecture. One of the exponents of art nouveau, he established a severe version of the style; nearly ...
Corporate identity

Corporate identity  

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Corporate identity is the visual means by which organizations, businesses, and manufacturers are recognized and distinguished from each other. It is also a means of conveying the ways in which they ...
Darmstadt Artists’ Colony

Darmstadt Artists’ Colony  

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(1899–1914)In 1899 the Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hesse established one of the leading centres of Jugendstil architectural, design, and decorative arts practice in Darmstadt in 1899. The Artists' ...
Der Ring

Der Ring  

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Architectural pressure-group founded in 1923–4 as the ‘Ring of Ten’ representing Neues Bauen. In 1926 membership was extended to include Bartning, Behrens, Gropius, Häring, Haesler, Hilbersheimer, ...
Deutscher Werkbund

Deutscher Werkbund  

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(German, ‘German Work Federation’)An association of architects and manufacturers, formed in Munich in 1907, and dedicated to achieving high artistic quality in industrial work. It was highly ...
Eliel Saarinen

Eliel Saarinen  

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 (1873–1950) Finnish architect.His career can be divided into two parts: his activity in Finland, and then in the US from 1923. From 1896 to 1907 he was in practice ...
factories, since 1850

factories, since 1850  

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1850–1950 Until the advent of new sources of power and materials (electricity, concrete, steel) at the end of the 19th century, factories from Bradford to Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Łodz to Tampere, adhered ...
Gillespie, Kidd, & Coia

Gillespie, Kidd, & Coia  

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Glasgow-based firm of architects evolved from Salmon's office under Jack (Giacomo) Antonio Coia (1898–1981—of Italian parentage), who was apprenticed (1915–19) to John Gaff Gillespie (1870–1926). ...
Giuseppe Pagano Pogatschnig

Giuseppe Pagano Pogatschnig  

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(1896–1945).Italian Rationalist, Fascist architect, and polemicist, who was a leading player in the arguments about the renaissance of Italian architecture in the 1930s, largely through his ...
Hendrik Petrus Berlage

Hendrik Petrus Berlage  

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(1856–1934).Amsterdam-born architect, one of the most influential in The Netherlands, who was himself influenced by the work of Sullivan and Wright. He went into partnership with Theodorus Sanders ...
Hermann Obrist

Hermann Obrist  

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(1862–1927)A leading figure in the evolution of Jugendstil in Munich, Obrist was influenced in his creative outlook by the Arts and Crafts Movement, which he had encountered when visiting Britain in ...
Hugo Hartung

Hugo Hartung  

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(1855–1932).German architect, he was primarily a designer of domestic architecture, much of it with medieval vernacular motifs, steep roofs, and turrets. His Motive der mittelalterlichen Baukunst in ...
Ivar Justus Tengbom

Ivar Justus Tengbom  

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 (1878–1968) Swedish architect.His work follows the main trends of Swedish architecture in the generation following c.1910—*National Romanticism, modern Classicism, and Modernism.The brick-faced ...
Johannes Ludovicus Mathieu Lauweriks

Johannes Ludovicus Mathieu Lauweriks  

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(1864–1932).Dutch theorist, he evolved a proportional system that he connected with his occult beliefs, and produced intricate designs of cubes, squares, and rectangles that influenced Behrens, ...
Josef Frank

Josef Frank  

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 (1885–1967) Austrian architect.Together with Oskar Strnad, Frank established the ‘Vienna School’ which distanced itself from the monumentality of Otto Wagner’s approach. They had a relaxed concept ...
Joseph Maria Olbrich

Joseph Maria Olbrich  

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(1867–1908).Austro-Hungarian architect, one of the leading figures of the Vienna Sezession. A pupil of Hasenauer and Sitte, he worked in Otto Wagner's Vienna office (1894–8), contributing designs for ...
Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier  

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1887–1965)Swiss-born French architect, engineer, painter, and writer. As a pioneer of modern architecture, a designer of many outstanding buildings, a town planner on the grand scale, and an ...
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe  

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(1886–1969)German-born architect and director of the Bauhaus, who emigrated to the USA in 1937. His pavilion for the 1929 International Exhibition in Barcelona was regarded as a masterpiece of ...

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