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William Beckford

(1760—1844) writer and art collector

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Ajuda Botanic Garden

Ajuda Botanic Garden  

Lisbon, Portugal, was founded in 1768 by the Marquês de Pombal. Its terraced layout, parterres, and fine statuary all belong to the 18th century. The position is high and airy ...
Alexander Cozens

Alexander Cozens  

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(b Russia, ?1717; d London, 23 Apr. 1786).English landscape draughtsman. Cozens was one of the first major British artists to work exclusively as a landscapist and he helped to bring intellectual ...
Antoine Galland

Antoine Galland  

(1646–1715)French translator and orientalist. His Mille et une nuits (1704–17) was the first translation into a European language of the Arabic Thousand and One Nights (see Arabian Nights ...
country houses

country houses  

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The country house was the focal point and symbol of the ascendancy of the gentry in the period between the Glorious Revolution and the First World War. It no longer had military significance. It was ...
Edward Gibbon

Edward Gibbon  

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Literature
(1737–94) [Bi]British politician and historian whose chief academic work focused on the history of Rome. His most famous publication, Decline and fall of the Roman Empire, appeared between 1776 and ...
Fonthill Abbey

Fonthill Abbey  

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Literature
The Gothic house in Wiltshire of the English writer and collector William Beckford (1759–1844); he is said to have spent over a quarter of a million on it in the course of sixteen years, but he was ...
Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Giovanni Battista Piranesi  

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 (1720–78) Italian architect and engraver.His highly imaginative, indeed rather overpowering visions of architecture, cities, and interior design, as revealed in Carceri (c.1745, re-issued c.1760 ...
Gothic

Gothic  

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Style of architecture and art that succeeded Romanesque and prevailed in Europe (particularly northern Europe) from the mid-12th century to the 16th century. Like many other stylistic labels, the ...
Gothic Revival

Gothic Revival  

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A revival of the Gothic style of architecture which began in the late 18th cent. with a new romantic interest in the medieval, and produced Walpole's Strawberry Hill and Beckford's Fonthill. This was ...
James Wyatt

James Wyatt  

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(1746–1813).English architect, one of the most outstanding, prolific, and successful of his time. He spent six years in Italy from 1762 before returning to England where he worked for the family ...
John Martin

John Martin  

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 (1789–1854) English painter and printmaker.Martin’s dramatic landscapes were particularly suited to illustrating Milton and the Bible. His mezzotints for Paradise Lost (S. Prowett, 1825–7 and ...
Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Luis Borges  

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Literature
(1899–1986),Argentinian writer whose short stories have had a great influence on European literature, and have been acclaimed as the earliest literary examples of magic realism. He began to publish ...
oriental novel

oriental novel  

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Literature
A class of story set in the Middle or Far East, especially popular in the 18th century. Public interest in the Orient (encompassing Egypt, India, and Japan) as a zone ...
Parque de Monserrate

Parque de Monserrate  

Near Sintra, Portugal. The house was built in 1789 by an Englishman, Gerard De Visme, in the Gothic style in a beautiful elevated position overlooking old woodland. In 1795 it ...
Sir William Hamilton

Sir William Hamilton  

(1730–1803)British envoy at Naples from 1764, where his embassy became a centre of cultural activity. Hamilton's Campi Phlegraei (1776) recorded his observations on Vesuvius and other volcanoes. In ...
Vathek

Vathek  

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Literature
an Arabian Tale By William Beckford, published in English 1786. The book was written in French and translated into English, with the author's assistance, by Samuel Henley, who published his ...

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