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Alfred H. Barr, Jr.

Alfred H. Barr, Jr.  

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(b Detroit, 28 Jan. 1902; d Salisbury, Conn., 15 Aug. 1981).American art historian and museum administrator who played an enormously influential role in establishing an intellectual framework for the ...
André Lurçat

André Lurçat  

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 (1894–1970) French architect, city planner, and writer.Lurçat’s work was wide-ranging, from furniture to urbanism. As a founding member of CIAM, and a militant communist, his commitment to modern ...
Anni Albers

Anni Albers  

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(1899–1994)Textile designer and weaver Anni Albers (née Fleischmann) was born in Berlin, studying at the School of Applied Art, Hamburg, from 1919 to 1920. From 1922 to 1925 she studied in the ...
Arbeitsrat für Kunst

Arbeitsrat für Kunst  

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Group of German architects founded (1918) by Bruno Taut, which included Otto Bartning, Walter Gropius, Erich Mendelsohn, and Max Taut, with several artists. Taut wanted the group to wield political ...
Argentine art

Argentine art  

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Argentina has little trace of pre-Hispanic art and thus largely depended on European models until the 20th century when its artists deliberately adopted an internationalist policy. Examples of early ...
Arieh Sharon

Arieh Sharon  

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(1900–84).Polish-born Israeli architect. He settled (1920) in Palestine, where he designed and built several buildings in the kibbutz of Gan Shemuel. He studied (1926–9) at the Bauhaus under Gropius ...
Art Deco

Art Deco  

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The predominant decorative art style of the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by precise and boldly delineated geometric shapes and strong colours.
Arzberg

Arzberg  

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(established 1887)This German ceramics manufacturer is perhaps most widely recognized in the history of design for its clearly articulated, undecorated, yet distinctive white designs by Herman ...
Beaux-Arts

Beaux-Arts  

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Florid Classical style evolved in the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, the main official art-school in France, founded in 1795, when it became a separate institution from the old Académie ...
Bertrand Goldberg

Bertrand Goldberg  

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(1913–97).German-born American architect. He attended the Bauhaus in the 1930s, and emigrated to Chicago, IL, in 1934. He designed prefabricated housing and industrial buildings for the Government. ...
Black Mountain College

Black Mountain College  

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American art educational establishment at Black Mountain, North Carolina, founded by a group of progressive academics in 1933 and closed after long-standing financial problems in 1957. It was run by ...
circus

circus  

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In 1919 the Georgian artist Nikolai Foregger lectured the Union of International Artists of the Circus on his conviction in a renaissance of the circus. He evoked theatre as the ...
constructivism

constructivism  

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A movement that originated in Russia c.1914, it dominated art there after the 1917 Revolution and spread to the West in the 1920s. It was characterized by its abstraction and its use of industrial ...
Cor van Eesteren

Cor van Eesteren  

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 (1897–1988) Dutch architect and urbanist.In 1922 he met Theo van Doesburg in Weimar, who would introduce him to the international avant-garde and make him a member of the De ...
Czech art

Czech art  

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Strictly, the term should refer to art and sculpture produced after 1918, when the independent Republic of Czechoslovakia was founded. However, the arts in the 19th century already manifest ...
degenerate art

degenerate art  

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A term coined in Germany in the 1930s to discredit all contemporary art that did not correspond to the ideology of the Nazi party. Such art, which included most avant-garde work, was systematically ...
design

design  

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Dance is a visual artform and the design of the stage and of the dancers' costumes naturally plays a major role in establishing the style and tone of any work. Narrative works may depend heavily on ...
Deutscher Werkbund

Deutscher Werkbund  

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(German, ‘German Work Federation’)An association of architects and manufacturers, formed in Munich in 1907, and dedicated to achieving high artistic quality in industrial work. It was highly ...
Devetsil

Devetsil  

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(1920–31)This avant‐garde Czechoslovakian group of designers, architects, painters, theorists, and writers was founded in Prague in 1920, flourishing during the rest of the decade with an associated ...
devising

devising  

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An approach to making performance and theatre that depends on the participation of all the producing group in all or most stages of the creative process, from conception to presentation. ...

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