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Herbert Bayer

(1900—1985)

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Bauhaus

Bauhaus  

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A school of applied arts established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 and noted for its refined functionalist approach to architecture and industrial design. The socialist principles on which ...
Berlin Olympic Games

Berlin Olympic Games  

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1936.The summer Olympics that opened in Berlin on 1 August 1936 were Nazi Germany's greatest propaganda set piece and a major photographic event. An accompanying exhibition, Deutschland, featured ...
Container Corporation of America

Container Corporation of America  

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(CCA)(established 1926)This leading American packaging manufacturing company distinguished itself through its high premium on design and high‐quality advertising. Much of the impetus for this came ...
Earthworks

Earthworks  

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Vast environments constructed of earth, or markings on it, made from the late 1960s to the early 1970s. The largely young, male New York sculptors who created them extended Minimalism's ...
Fortune

Fortune  

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(established 1930)This important monthly American business magazine was founded by the publisher Henry Luce and was a strong advocate of the potential of industrial design for American manufacturing ...
Herbert Read

Herbert Read  

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(1895–1968)After a brief spell as a bank clerk the British writer, critic, and poet Herbert Read studied at Leeds University before serving in the army in the First World War. He became an important ...
International Design Conference in Aspen

International Design Conference in Aspen  

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(IDCA)(established 1949)The aim of the International Design Conference in Aspen (IDCA), Colorado, has been to provide an international forum for discussion of the place of design in the contemporary ...
Jerry Uelsmann

Jerry Uelsmann  

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(b. 1934), American photographerwho studied at the Rochester Institute of Technology. Later, at Indiana University, he came under the influence of Henry Holmes Smith, who encouraged him to develop ...
Josef Albers

Josef Albers  

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(b Bottrop, 19 Mar. 1888; d New Haven, 25 Mar. 1976).German-born painter, designer, writer, and teacher, who became an American citizen in 1939. He studied (1920–3) and taught (1923–33) at the ...
Oskar Barnack

Oskar Barnack  

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(1879–1936), German instrument makerwho became head of the microscope department of Ernst Leitz in Wetzlar soon after joining the company in 1911. After initial research on the construction of ...
photomontage

photomontage  

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The term derives from the technique of combining or superimposing photographic images culled from different sources in order to create new pictorial ideas and relationships. It was explored in ...
Société des Artistes Décorateurs

Société des Artistes Décorateurs  

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(SAD)(established 1901)The establishment of the Société des Artistes Décorateurs in 1901 reflected the growing importance of this new profession in France. This stemmed from a series of ...
Walter Gropius

Walter Gropius  

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(1883–1969)German-born architect who lived in the USA for the last thirty-two years of his life. As director of the Bauhaus and, later, professor of architecture at Harvard, he exerted an enormous ...

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