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Adolfo Suárez González

Adolfo Suárez González  

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(b. 25 Sept. 1932).Prime Minister of Spain 1976–81 Born in Cebreros (Avila), he received a doctorate degree in law from the University of Madrid, and rose quickly in the bureaucracy of the Franco ...
Asturias

Asturias  

The Astures were one of the pre-Roman populations of Iberia who, like the Cantabrians and the Vascones or Basques, put up a long resistance to Roman conquest. After the foundation ...
Battle of Roncesvalles

Battle of Roncesvalles  

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A battle which took place in 778 at a mountain pass in the Pyrenees, near the village of Roncesvalles in northern Spain. The rearguard of Charlemagne's army was attacked by the Basques and massacred; ...
battle of Vitoria

battle of Vitoria  

(21 June 1813)A battle fought between the French and the British near the Basque city of Vitoria, during the Peninsular War. Wellington decisively defeated the French under Joseph Bonaparte and ...
Bilbao

Bilbao  

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Founded in 1300 on the coast in northern Spain, the city of Bilbao became, during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the center of a dynamic trade between Spain and England ...
Carlism

Carlism  

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A Spanish conservative political movement originating in support of Don Carlos, brother of Fernando VII (died 1833), who claimed the throne in place of Fernando's daughter Isabella. The movement ...
Castile

Castile  

A region of central Spain, on the central plateau of the Iberian peninsula, formerly an independent Spanish kingdom. The marriage of Isabella of Castile to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 linked these ...
Charlemagne

Charlemagne  

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(Latin Carolus Magnus, Charles the Great) (742–814) King of the Franks (768–814) and Holy Roman emperor (as Charles I) (800–14). He created an empire by conquering and Christianizing the Saxons ...
Felipe González Márquez

Felipe González Márquez  

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(b. 5 Mar. 1942).Prime Minister of Spain 1982–96Early careerBorn in Seville, he studied law in Seville and Louvain (Belgium), where he joined the social democratic movement. He became a professor of ...
Guernica

Guernica  

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History
A town in the Basque Provinces of northern Spain, 25 km (16 miles) east of Bilbao. Formerly the seat of a Basque parliament, it was bombed in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, by German planes in ...
Jose Maria Aznar

Jose Maria Aznar  

(b. 25 Feb. 1953).Prime Minister of Spain 1996–2004Early careerBorn in Madrid, in his youth he became associated with the anti-democratic and anti-royalist elements within the Falange. He obtained a ...
Madrid Bombings

Madrid Bombings  

(11 Mar. 2004)A number of bombs were planted by terrorists linked to al-Qaeda on suburban trains, which detonated at rush hour. One hundred and ninety-one people died and almost two thousand were ...
Navarre

Navarre  

An autonomous region of northern Spain, on the border with France; capital, Pamplona. It represents the southern part of the former kingdom of Navarre, which was conquered by Ferdinand in 1512 and ...
Reconquista

Reconquista  

The Muslim conquest of the Iberian peninsula began with the invasion of 711; the peninsula was largely subdued by 718, when the mixed Arab and Berber army crossed the Pyrenees ...
Socialist Workers' Party of Spain

Socialist Workers' Party of Spain  

(Partido Social Obrero Español, PSOE)Early history (up to 1960s)Established on 2 May 1879, it experienced slow growth in a country that was still barely industrialized and urbanized. Where there was ...
Spain

Spain  

Spain is now accommodating its dissident regions and making rapid economic stridesSpain, Western Europe's second largest country, is dominated by the Meseta, the vast and often barren central plain ...
Spanish

Spanish  

A prominent member of the Romance family, Spanish has an estimated 290 million speakers worldwide. It is the official language of Spain and its dependencies, of Equatorial Guinea, and of ...
Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War  

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(1936–39)A military struggle between left- and right-wing elements in Spain. After the fall of Primo de Rivera in 1930 and the eclipse of the Spanish monarchy in 1931, Spain was split. On the one ...

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