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Joseph Banks

(1743—1820) naturalist and patron of science

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Agriculture and Animal Husbandry

Agriculture and Animal Husbandry  

From 1740 to 1850, the organization and efficiency of much of western European agriculture were transformed. Sometimes called an agricultural revolution, this process was prior to or concomitant with ...
Allan Cunningham

Allan Cunningham  

(1791–1839), English plant collector, who became a gardener at Kew in 1808 and was one of the many collectors sent by Sir Joseph Banks to unexplored parts of the world.[...]
Australia

Australia  

The history of gardening in Australia chronicles a 200-year journey from the first European settlement in the singularly strange environment at Sydney Cove to the present day where gardens of ...
banksia

banksia  

(family Proteaceae)A genus of shrubs and small trees, whose inflorescences are dense, stout, showy spikes of up to 1000 flowers, developing into woody cones of follicles, plus bracts and bracteoles. ...
botanical illustration

botanical illustration  

The drawing and painting of plants so they may be accurately identified demands a rigorous academic approach combined with great artistic talent. Their accurate representation began as a necessity ...
botany

botany  

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The scientific study of plants, including their anatomy, morphology, physiology, biochemistry, taxonomy, cytology, genetics, ecology, evolution, and geographical distribution.
Botany Bay

Botany Bay  

An inlet of the Tasman Sea on the coast of New South Wales, south-east Australia, just south of Sydney. In 1770 Captain James Cook landed here naming the bay after the large variety of plants ...
British Museum

British Museum  

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London. The UK's major national museum, with enormously rich and varied collections covering world history and culture: it has magnificent holdings in classical antiquities, medieval art, prints and ...
cave

cave  

A large, natural, underground hollow, usually with a horizontal opening. Karst caves result from solution and corrosion; see Miller (2006) GSA Special Paper 404.
climate

climate  

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The characteristic pattern of weather elements in an area over a period. The weather elements include temperature, rainfall, humidity, solar insolation, wind, etc. The climate of a large area is ...
Club

Club  

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Literature
Was an informal group founded by Dr Johnson at the suggestion of Joshua Reynolds in the winter of 1763–4. The nine original members included Goldsmith and Burke; those elected later included Percy, ...
David Ricardo

David Ricardo  

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(1772–1823)British political economist who, with Adam Smith, founded British classical economics. In 1819–23 he was an MP, supporting Free Trade, a return to the gold standard, and the repeal of the ...
Empire

Empire  

The term originates from ancient Rome, where it denoted the legal power of magistrates, and, furthermore, worldwide domination by the Roman people and emperors. Beginning in the Middle Ages it ...
exploration

exploration  

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History
The investigation of undiscovered territories. The urge to travel is as old as humanity, with the first humans probably spreading out from Africa, and possibly Asia, across the globe. The Native ...
geology

geology  

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Literally, the study (Greek logia) of the Earth (Greek geo). The medieval Latin word geologia may have been coined in the 8th century by St Bede (The Venerable Bede, 672 or 673–735) to distinguish ...
Hildebrand Bowman

Hildebrand Bowman  

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Literature
Is the fictitious name of the narrator of an anonymous novel published in London in 1778 and entitled The Travels of Hildebrand Bowman, Esquire, Into Carnovirria, Taupiniera, Olfactaria, and ...
James Cook

James Cook  

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History
(1728–79)British naval captain, navigator, and explorer. Cook charted the coasts and seaways of Canada (1759; 1763–7), the St Lawrence Channel and the coasts of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. He then ...
James Watt

James Watt  

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History
(1736–1819).Instrument‐maker to Glasgow University, where he applied principles of latent heat to the Newcomen engine to patent the separate condenser in 1769, and found a career as leading steam ...
Jean André Deluc

Jean André Deluc  

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Philosophy
(1727–1817)Jean André Deluc was born in Geneva on 9 February 1727 and died at Windsor on 7 November 1817. He was of Italian extraction, his family having moved from ...
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt

Johann Ludwig Burckhardt  

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History
(1784–1817),Swiss explorer of Africa. One of history's most significant scholar-explorers, and certainly one of the most observant travelers who ever lived, Burckhardt was born in Lausanne into a ...

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