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Albania

Albania  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
One of the poorest of the former communist states, Albania is now moving towards the European UnionThough Albania is a coastal country, not much of its territory is at sea level. Mountains make up ...
Andrassy, Julius, Count

Andrassy, Julius, Count  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1823–90)Hungarian statesman. One of the radical nationalist leaders of the unsuccessful Hungarian Revolution of 1848, he rose to prominence with Francis Deák (1803–76) in the negotiations leading up ...
Areal Linguistics

Areal Linguistics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
This entry includes the following subentries:OverviewGeographical Distribution of Linguistic FeaturesOverviewGeographical Distribution of Linguistic FeaturesThis field is the study of resemblances ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The northern half of the state of Bosnia‐Hercegovina since 1580. The term is generally used as an abbreviation for the entire state since its independence in 1992.
Bosnian Crisis

Bosnian Crisis  

In the 1990s, the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia led to a NATO-led peacekeeping mission that was the largest military operation in Europe since World War II. After ethnic Serbs ...
Bulgarian

Bulgarian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The official language of the Republic of Bulgaria, where it has about 7,600,000 speakers (approximately 88% of the total population of 8,612,757, July 1996 estimate). A South Slavic language, it ...
Croatia

Croatia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Croatia's fierce nationalism sparked the Balkan wars. Now the country is more democratic and the economy has revivedCroatia's eccentric shape encloses a variety of landscapes and climates. The ...
Diocletian

Diocletian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(245–313),Roman emperor 284–305. Faced with mounting military problems, in 286 he divided the empire between himself in the east and Maximian in the west. Diocletian insisted on the maintenance of ...
Francis Joseph

Francis Joseph  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1830–1916)Emperor of Austria (1848–1916), King of Hungary (1867–1916). He succeeded to the throne (aged 18) amid the Revolutions of 1848. He suppressed all nationalist hopes until forced to meet ...
Greek

Greek  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Outside Greece, Greek was much less known in Europe in medieval times than was Latin, and was largely limited to scholarly circles interested in classical texts, theology, philosophy, and science. ...
Illyria

Illyria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In Greek mythology, Illyrius was the son of Cadmus and Harmonia who eventually ruled Illyria and became the eponymous ancestor of the Illyrian people. Historically the Illyrians constituted numerous ...
Macedonia

Macedonia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Macedonia avoided the worst of the Balkan wars, but has persistent ethnic tensionsThis landlocked country is largely mountainous. In the past it was also heavily forested, and though forests remain, ...
Montenegro

Montenegro  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A small republic in the Balkans, bordered by Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Albania.Physical.Montenegro has a short Adriatic coastline. It is largely mountainous, with extensive forests ...
Pan-Slavism

Pan-Slavism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The movement intended to bring about the political unity of all Slavs. It should be distinguished from both Slavophilism, which was purely cultural and acted as a powerful stimulus towards the ...
Romance languages

Romance languages  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The group of modern languages descended from Latin (which itself joins with them to form the branch of Indo‐European known as Italic), the chief of which are French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and ...
Romanian

Romanian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
I. Nineteenth CenturyThe earliest example of Romanian literature in English translation, and the first scholarly account of the Romanian language by a Briton—probably a Scot—appears to occur in M. ...
Serbia

Serbia  

A country which has dominated the history of the western Balkan region since the early twentieth century.Early history (until 1992)After several uprisings, Serbia became autonomous within the Ottoman ...
Split

Split  

City on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea. Its core was the palace built by Diocletian near Salona, capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia. Its name comes from ...
Three Emperors' League

Three Emperors' League  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(German, Dreikaiserbund) An alliance between Prussia, Austria, and Russia. In 1872, following the creation of the new German Second empire, Bismarck persuaded the emperors of Austria and Russia to ...
Tito

Tito  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1892–1980)Yugoslav Marshal and statesman, Prime Minister (1945–53) and President (1953–80). Born in Croatia, he served in the Austro‐Hungarian army during World War I and was captured by the ...

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