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avant-garde

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agitprop

agitprop  

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Formed from the title of the Department of Agitation and Propaganda founded in 1920 in Soviet Russia, Agit-prop was intended to control the ideological thinking of the masses. Agit-prop trains toured ...
Aleksandr Galin

Aleksandr Galin  

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(b. Alekseyevka, Matveye-Kurgansk district, Rostov region, Russia, 10 Sept. 1947)Playwright. His first play to be performed, by fellow students at Leningrad University's Student Theatre, was Here Fly ...
Aleksandr Kurbas

Aleksandr Kurbas  

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(1887–1937)Ukrainian/Soviet director whose career began as an actor in 1912. His first directorial experiments were in Kiev (1917), where he anticipated the avant-garde innovations of Meyerhold. The ...
Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin

Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin  

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(1817–1903)Russian playwright and philosopher. Having studied in Moscow, Heidelberg, and Berlin (1834–42), his career was cut short when he was accused in 1850 of the murder of his French ...
Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry  

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(1873–1907),French poet and dramatist, whose Ubu-roi is now considered the founder-play of the modern avant-garde theatre. Written when Jarry was 15 years old and first performed in 1888 as ...
amateur theatre

amateur theatre  

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In Britain amateur theatre reached its height in the 19th century, when many of the best-known amateur societies were founded, among them the Old Stagers, who have given performances closely ...
Amelio Perlini

Amelio Perlini  

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(1947– )Italian actor, director, and cinematographer. In 1973, with the lighting artist and designer Antonello Aglioti and the musician Alain Curran, Perlini formed Teatro La Maschera, Rome, and ...
Anatoly Lunacharsky

Anatoly Lunacharsky  

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(1875–1933)Russian/Soviet dramatist, critic, and the Soviet Union's first cultural commissar (1917–29). Lunacharsky's tastes were cosmopolitan; in a book of essays (1908), he rubbed shoulders with ...
André Antoine

André Antoine  

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(1858–1943),French actor, director, and theatre manager, one of the outstanding figures in the theatrical reforms of the late 19th century. In 1887 he founded the Théâtre Libre for productions ...
Andre Gregory

Andre Gregory  

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(1934– )American director and actor. After studying acting in New York at the Neighborhood Playhouse and the Actors Studio, Gregory began his directing career with a popular Off-Broadway production ...
Andrei Bely

Andrei Bely  

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Literature
(1880–1934)Russian novelist, poet, and literary theorist, born in Moscow, who became a key figure in the Russian symbolist movement. In 1904 he met Aleksandr Blok, with whom he was ...
Andrei Serban

Andrei Serban  

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(b. 1943), director.The internationally known director, who uses minimalism, nontraditional music, and avant‐garde approaches to classic texts, was born in Bucharest, Romania, where his productions ...
angura

angura  

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Japanese avant-garde movement, also called ‘little theatre’ (shōgekijō) movement. Angura (‘underground’) rose from a dissatisfaction with the politics and aesthetics of orthodox modern theatre ...
anti-novel

anti-novel  

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Literature
A form of experimental fiction that dispenses with certain traditional elements of novel‐writing like the analysis of characters' states of mind or the unfolding of a sequential plot. The term is ...
Anton Giulio Bragaglia

Anton Giulio Bragaglia  

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(1890–1960) and(1893–1962), Italian Futurists and pioneers of ‘photodynamism’.As young men the two brothers shared an interest in photography and film, frequenting the Cines film studios where their ...
Antonin Artaud

Antonin Artaud  

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(1896–1948)French actor, director, and drama theoretician, who originated the theory of the Theatre of Cruelty.Artaud was born in Marseilles and began his career as an actor. He became interested in ...
applause

applause  

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Music
Spectators' appreciation for performances has often been demonstrated through the clapping of hands. Applause is part of a larger set of social behaviours intimately related to the reception of ...
arena and in-the-round

arena and in-the-round  

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An ancient form of staging which acquired a new importance in modernist theatre. The spectators sit in elevated tiers surrounding a central performance space (which may be of any shape ...
art Nouveau

art Nouveau  

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A style of decorative art, architecture, and design prominent in western Europe and the US from about 1890 until the First World War and characterized by intricate linear designs and flowing curves ...
Asakura Setsu

Asakura Setsu  

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(1922– )Japanese designer. Born in Tokyo, Asakura began her career as a painter but after study in New York in 1970 took up a theatrical career. She soon became a ...

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