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Bill Gates

Bill Gates  

1955– )US computer entrepreneur, who became the richest man in the world.Born in Seattle, Washington, Gates was educated at Harvard. His career in computers began when he founded Microsoft at the age ...
computer

computer  

Any device capable of carrying out a sequence of operations in a defined manner. The definition of the operations is called the program. An analog computer performs computations by manipulating ...
embourgeoisement

embourgeoisement  

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Embourgeoisement is the process by which bourgeois aspirations, and a bourgeois standard and style of life, become institutionalized among the working class. The phenomenon is said to undermine ...
factory system

factory system  

The ‘factory system’ has been an important element in the accelerating processes of industrialization known as the industrial revolution. As British industrial enterprises expanded in the 18th cent., ...
industrialization

industrialization  

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Subject:
History
The process of change from a basic agrarian economy to an industrialized one. It was first experienced by Britain in the Industrial Revolution and at much the same time in the New England states of ...
labor Markets

labor Markets  

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A place where labour supply is exchanged for a wage. Labour markets can be identified by a combination of such factors as geography (local, regional, national, international), industry, education, ...
labor Movement

labor Movement  

Imprecise term referring to two ideas: first, that workers, especially blue‐collar or manual workers, share common political and economic interests which may be advanced through organized trade union ...
labour process

labour process  

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Analysis of the labour process may be traced back to Karl Marx's interest in the means by which human labour is harnessed in the creation of products for human need. This process is seen to be ...
mass production

mass production  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Production on a large scale, using mechanized methods to produce standardized goods. This is contrasted with handicraft production, which turns out non-standardized products.
new working class

new working class  

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A term associated with the thesis that process workers in automated industries, and white-collar workers in large industrial corporations, possess the potential to assume the historic revolutionary ...
Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener  

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(1894–1964)US mathematician, the founder of cybernetics.The son of a Harvard professor of Slavonic languages and literature, Wiener was born in Columbia, Montana. A mathematical infant prodigy, he ...
productivity

productivity  

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A measure of the output of an organization or economy per unit of input (labour, raw materials, capital, etc.). See also unit labour costs.
robot

robot  

Any device for performing computational or physical tasks automatically. For example, in computing, a robot is a program that trawls the Web for information, indexing it, say, for a search ...
scientific management

scientific management  

One of the classic approaches to management theory, which emphasizes the rationality of organizational systems and holds that operational efficiency can be optimized by applying the appropriate ...
sociology of industry

sociology of industry  

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A loosely defined, but well-established sub-specialism within sociology, which can trace its origins back to the discipline's founders. Its expansion in the 20th century was encouraged by the hope of ...
Thomas Watson Snr.

Thomas Watson Snr.  

(1874–1956)Thomas John Watson was born in East Campbell, New York on 17 February 1874, the son of Thomas Watson, a farmer, and his wife Jane. He died in New ...

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