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Automation and Computerization. Reference library
Howard P. Segal
Automation and computerization are related but separate phenomena. Automation means the mechanization—and usually the speeding up—of production, not only in manufacturing but also in service. Computerization is an advanced form of automation. Fantasies and anxieties about automation predate the nation's founding. The golem of Jewish legend, for example, is a powerful automaton. But Americans' historic receptivity to technological innovation and their need for machines to compensate for scarcity of labor have made the United States a center for automation....