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Alsace

Alsace  

The territory between the Vosges Mountains, Rhine river, and Jura Mountains, known by the 7th century as ‘Alsace’. Roman military settlement in the area included a base at what would ...
Audoin

Audoin  

(c.600–684)St Audoin (Ouen), a native of the Soissonnais, belonged to the powerful aristocratic kinship group that supported the activities of the Columbanian missionaries in Neustria-Burgundy. ...
Bobbio

Bobbio  

A small town in the Apennines, once the seat of an abbey founded in 612 by St Columbanus. Its celebrated collection of early MSS included the ‘Bobbio Missal’ (now in Paris), an important collection ...
Burgundy

Burgundy  

A region and former duchy of east central France, centred on Dijon. Under a series of strong dukes Burgundy achieved considerable independence from imperial control in the later Middle Ages, before ...
Carolingians

Carolingians  

The Carolingian family left its direct mark on history from the early 7th c. until 987. In a first stage, it had acquired the political responsibilities that gradually made it ...
Charlemagne

Charlemagne  

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Overview Page
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History
(Latin Carolus Magnus, Charles the Great) (742–814) King of the Franks (768–814) and Holy Roman emperor (as Charles I) (800–14). He created an empire by conquering and Christianizing the Saxons ...
Charles Martel

Charles Martel  

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(c. 688–741)(French, martel, ‘hammer’) Frankish leader. He was the son of Pepin II, ‘mayor of the palace’ under Merovingian rule. He gained control of the Austrasian province and defeated the ...
Cologne

Cologne  

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A German city on the Rhine, famous in the Middle Ages for its shrine of the Wise Men of the East, commonly called the Three Kings of Cologne (see the Three Kings).
count

count  

A foreign nobleman whose rank corresponds to that of an earl; the term is recorded from late Middle English, and comes via Old French from Latin comes, comit- ‘companion, overseer, attendant’, in ...
Dagobert I

Dagobert I  

(605–39)Last of the great Merovingian kings, Dagobert ruled with his father, Chlotar II, from 622 and succeeded him in 629. Dagobert established his authority over the Frankish kingdoms, appointing ...
Dhuoda

Dhuoda  

(fl. 824–43)Frankish aristocrat and wife of Bernard, duke of Septimania. She authored the Liber manualis (841–3), a book of religious education and practical moral advice for her absent son ...
Echternach

Echternach  

The monastery of Echternach in Luxembourg was founded by St Willibrord in 698. A large number of fine MSS are associated with it; in the 11th cent. it became the royal atelier of the Salian Emperors ...
Franconia

Franconia  

Frankish territory north of the river Danube and east of the Rhine. In the 7th century it was part of Austrasia, then of Lotharingia, passing into the holdings of the ...
Gregory of Tours

Gregory of Tours  

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Religion
(538/9–94), bishop (from 573)Staunch advocate of episcopal authority in Merovingian Francia; author of Histories, the most significant source for his age. He also wrote accounts of miracle-working ...
Hausmeier

Hausmeier  

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Subject:
Literature
Were holders of the office of supervisor of the royal household in the Frankish empire in the 7th c. and 8th c. The Hausmeier in the Austrasien three kingdoms of ...
Lorraine

Lorraine  

In 1047, the Emperor Henry III entrusted the duchy of Upper Lotharingia to Adalbert, of the Noble family of the Matfrids, former counts of Metz, then next year to his ...
Lothair I

Lothair I  

(795–855),King of the Franks 814–855, Holy Roman Emperor 817–855. The political life of Lothair I was shaped by the decision of his father, Louis I the Pious, to revise ...
Luxeuil

Luxeuil  

The abbey, established c.590 by St Columbanus, soon became the most important in France. Destroyed in 732, it was re-established under Charlemagne and survived until 1790.
mayor of the Palace

mayor of the Palace  

In the Frankish kingdoms, a nominal subordinate wielding the power of his titular superior, originally in the Frankish kingdoms under the later Merovingian kings. The title represents French maire du ...
Merovingians

Merovingians  

A member of the Frankish dynasty founded by Clovis and reigning in Gaul and Germany c. 500–750. The word comes from the medieval Latin Merovingi ‘descendants of Merovich’ (semi-legendary 5th-century ...

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