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Émile Augier

(1820—1889)

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Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas  

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(1824–95)French dramatist. He became one of the most successful dramatists of the Second Empire. His play La Dame aux camélias (1852) was based on Dumas's own novel (1848) and inspired Verdi's opera ...
Constant-Benoît Coquelin

Constant-Benoît Coquelin  

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(1841–1909),French actor, known as Coquelin aîné to distinguish him from his brother Ernest-Alexandre-Honoré (1848–1909), also an actor, known as Coquelin cadet. They were both at the ...
Ermete Novelli

Ermete Novelli  

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(1851–1919)Italian actor-manager. A tall, lean man with a chiselled face and supple body, Novelli made his name in the Calloud-Diligenti (1868–73) and the Bellotti-Bon (1877–83) companies as a comic ...
Eugène Labiche

Eugène Labiche  

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(1815–88)French playwright. Taking over from Scribe and his contemporaries the formula of comédie-vaudeville, Labiche wrote most of his plays in collaboration with other talented dramatists. ...
Henri Becque

Henri Becque  

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(1837–99)French dramatist. Championed by Zola, Becque fell between two dramaturgical movements, the realism of the well-made play and slice-of-life naturalism. His life was characterized by money ...
James Albery

James Albery  

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(1838–89),English dramatist, whose ‘decayed gentleman’ Digby Grant in Two Roses (1870) provided Henry Irving with one of his first successes in London. Most of Albery's other plays, mainly taken ...
Jules Sandeau

Jules Sandeau  

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Literature
(1811–83).French novelist, who collaborated with Sand (Rose et Blanche, 1831), with Augier, and with Houssaye (Milla, 1843, a study of the nefarious effects of reading novels). His own novels ...
Paolo Ferrari

Paolo Ferrari  

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(1822–89),Italian dramatist, who was practising law when the first of his numerous plays was produced. He came into prominence in 1853 when his play on Goldoni—Goldoni e le sue ...
Pièce à thèse

Pièce à thèse  

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Literature
A term first associated with the plays of Augier and Dumas fils. It refers to plays which focus on some moral, social, or political evil or abuse and in which ...
raisonneur

raisonneur  

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Literature
A character in a play who appears to act as a mouthpiece for the opinons of the play's author, usually displaying a superior or more detached view of the action than the other characters.
Sacha Guitry

Sacha Guitry  

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(b. St Petersburg, Russia, 21 Feb. 1885; d. Paris, 24 July 1957)Actor, film-maker, playwright; son of Lucien-Germain Guitry (b. Paris, 13 Dec. 1860; d. Paris, 1 June 1925), actor ...
Théâtre du Gymnase

Théâtre du Gymnase  

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Paris. Built in 1820 on what is now the boulevard Bonne-Nouvelle, this theatre was originally intended as a training-ground for young actors. This proved impractical, and in 1830 the theatre ...
thesis play

thesis play  

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A translation of the French term pièce à thèse, a thesis play investigates controversial social and moral issues in order to stimulate discussion and direct debate. Usually identified with the ...
well-made play

well-made play  

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English version of une pièce bien faite, a label applied in early 19th-century France, at first in a complimentary sense, to plays written by dramatists skilled above all in putting ...

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