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adiaphora

adiaphora  

A transliteration of the Greek word ἀδδιáφορα, which means ‘things indifferent’. In theological use, an adiaphoron is a rite or a practice that is not essential to the Christian faith. ...
Alamanni

Alamanni  

[CP]A confederation of several Germanic tribes who amalgamated in the 3rd century ad. In c.ad 260 they conquered the Roman frontier lands between the Rhine and the Danube, and remained there, despite ...
Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
155 words

historic German city included in Bavaria since 1806. Of Roman origin, it developed from the military colonia Augusta Vindelicorum,

Augsburg

Augsburg   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
78 words

Historic city on the River Lech, Bavaria, Germany. Founded by the Romans (c.15 bc) and named after

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
292 words

A south German city which became an episcopal see in 759, an imperial free city in 1276, and a member of the ...

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

(city, bishopric) Attested since the 8th century on the site of Roman Augusta Vindelicorum. A document of 1156 confirms the

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
514 words

Augsburg, an episcopal see of eastern Swabia, well situated at the meeting-place of Germany and Italy, was called

Augsburg

Augsburg   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
2,088 words

Originally a Roman settlement, Augsburg had a bishop from the fourth century. It became a free imperial city in 1316

Augustus I

Augustus I  

(1526–86),Elector of Saxony, was born in Freiberg on 31 July 1526, the younger son of Heinrich, duke of Saxony, a member of the Albertine branch of the Wettin family. ...
banking

banking  

A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in ...
banking, finance, and taxation

banking, finance, and taxation  

Medieval financial and fiscal institutions owed little to ancient precedents, but were produced by the distinctive social, political, and economic features of medieval Europe. Medieval business ...
Bavaria

Bavaria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A south German duchy ruled by the Wittelsbach family (see Appendix 1) from 1180 to 1918. From 1253 to 1504 the duchy was repeatedly partitioned, initially into Upper Bavaria and ...
Benediktbeuern

Benediktbeuern  

(abbey) Bavarian monastery founded in 748. The community declined under Duke Arnulf of Bavaria (907–37), then was destroyed by the Hungarians in 955. Bishop Ulrich of Augsburg refounded it as ...
book illustration

book illustration  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The earliest printed books were illustrated with illuminations added by hand with a view to making the books resemble illuminated manuscripts. Subsequently books were illustrated with woodcuts and ...
canonization

canonization  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the RC Church the definitive sentence by which the Pope declares a particular dead person to have already entered into heavenly glory and ordains for the new ‘saint’ a public cult throughout the ...
Canossa

Canossa  

A town in Modena, Italy, where in 1077 the Emperor Henry IV (1050–1106), who had been excommunicated during his struggle with the papacy, was forced to recant and do penance before Pope Gregory VII. ...
Celestine III

Celestine III  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1106–98), Pope from 1191. He defended Abelard at the Council of Sens (1140) and later urged Thomas Becket to adopt a less intransigent attitude. Elected Pope in his 85th year, his reign was marked ...
Christoph Amberger

Christoph Amberger  

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Overview Page
(d Augsburg, 1561/2).German painter (mainly of portraits) and designer. He spent most of his life in Augsburg, which had many cultural and economic ties with Italy (he met Titian ...
Confutation

Confutation  

At the Diet of Augsburg, 3 August 1530, an answer to the Augsburg Confession was read in the name of Emperor Charles V. After the delivery of the Augsburg Confession ...
Ellwangen

Ellwangen  

Ellwangen, a Benedictine abbey that played an important religious and political role in Southern Germany, was founded in 764. Intended to demarcate the borders of the dioceses of Augsburg, Eichstätt ...

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