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Æthelbert

Æthelbert  

(d. 616),king of Kent (560–616), was the king who welcomed the Christian missionaries led by St Augustine to England in 597. He exercised overlordship over all the English peoples south of the ...
Alexian Brothers and Nuns

Alexian Brothers and Nuns  

A religious community specifically devoted to caring for the sick, with special attention to the dying. The order traces its origins to the Beghard communities of the Low Countries, particularly ...
angel

angel  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Hermes was the messenger of Zeus. Iris was ascribed the same function; for Plato the two are the divine angeloi. By the 3rd cent. ad, angels played a large part in Judaism and Christianity, and they ...
Anglo-Saxon Church

Anglo-Saxon Church  

The Church in England from the end of the 6th cent. to the Norman Conquest (1066). In 597 the Roman mission of St Augustine landed in Thanet in the south and sees were quickly set up at Canterbury, ...
annals

annals  

(from Latin annus, ‘year’) The yearly records kept by the priests in Rome from the earliest times. They noted ceremonies, state enactments, and the holders of office. The high priest (Pontifex ...
Antonines

Antonines  

The Hospitaller Order of St Anthony in Viennois (Isère) arose in c.1095. At this time there appeared in Europe a sickness called ignis sacer by reason of the burning pains ...
apocatastasis

apocatastasis  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(Greek, restoration)In theology, the restoration of things after the millennium or final day of doom.
ars praedicandi

ars praedicandi  

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Religion
(Lat., ‘the art of preaching’). The medieval artes praedicandi provided instruction in the composition of sermons either as an adjunct to a collection of sermons or as a manual which circulated with ...
Assumptionists

Assumptionists  

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Religion
A religious congregation founded at Nîmes in 1845. Its members follow a modification of the Augustinian rule. Their work includes the care of asylums and schools, the dissemination of literature, and ...
Augustinian canons

Augustinian canons  

(‘Regular’ or ‘Black’ canons) had their origin in the mid‐11th‐cent. ecclesiastical reform movement. Earlier communities of clerics (or ‘canons’) staffing cathedrals and large churches and organized ...
Augustinians

Augustinians  

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History
[Ge]A monastic order of ordained canons; most Augustinian houses were founded in the mid to late 12th century.
Brothers Hospitallers

Brothers Hospitallers  

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Religion
The Order, whose members are mostly laymen, developed out of the work for the sick of St John of God (d. 1550). In 1572 Pius V approved the Order, which adopted the Augustinian Rule.
Caius Victorinus Afer

Caius Victorinus Afer  

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Religion
(4th cent.), rhetor and theologian. A native of Africa, he taught in Rome. He became a Christian, resigned his rhetorship in 362 (an event which excited comment and influenced St Augustine), and ...
canon

canon  

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Religion
Originally (in the Roman Catholic Church), a member of certain orders of clergy that live communally according to an ecclesiastical rule in the same way as monks (also as canon regular or regular ...
canoness

canoness  

The name was first used in the 8th cent. of communities of women who lived in common but did not renounce their property. They were later known as ‘secular canonesses’ and are now extinct. After the ...
Canterbury

Canterbury  

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Literature
A city in Kent, SE England, the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury. St Augustine established a church and monastery there in 597, and it became a place of medieval pilgrimage, to the shrine of St ...
categories

categories  

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Philosophy
A permanent concern of philosophers has been to discover whether the most general categories of thought, such as space, time, reality, existence, necessity, substance, property, mind, matter, states, ...
Christianity in Africa

Christianity in Africa  

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Religion
Apart from Egypt and the Mediterranean coast (Roman ‘Africa’, on which see the next entry), Christianity had by the 4th cent. penetrated to Nubia (where it died out in the 16th cent.) and Ethiopia, ...
Clare of Montefalco

Clare of Montefalco  

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Religion
(d. 1308),Augustinian nun. At an early age she joined a community of Franciscan hermits, whom the bishop of Spoleto refounded as Augustinians. In 1291 she became abbess. She was famous for her total ...
conciliar movement

conciliar movement  

(1409–49)A Church movement centred on the three general (or ecumenical) councils of Pisa (1409), Constance (1414–18), and Basle (1431–49). Its original purpose was to heal the papal schism caused by ...

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